Molina, CM and Pringle, JK and Saumett, M and Evans, GT (2016) Geophysical monitoring of simulated graves with resistivity, magnetic susceptibility, conductivity and GPR in Colombia, South America. Forensic Science International, 261. pp. 106-115. ISSN 0379-0738

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Abstract

In most Latin American countries there are significant numbers of both missing people and forced disappearances, ~71,000 alone in Colombia. Successful detection of buried human remains by forensic search teams can be difficult in varying terrain and climates. Three clandestine burials were simulated at two different depths commonly encountered in Latin America. In order to gain critical knowledge of optimum geophysical detection techniques, burials were monitored using: ground penetrating radar, magnetic susceptibility, bulk ground conductivity and electrical resistivity up to twenty-two months postburial. Radar survey results showed good detection of modern ½ clothed pig cadavers throughout the survey period on 2D profiles, with the 250 MHz antennae judged optimal. Both skeletonised and decapitated and burnt human remains were poorly imaged on 2D profiles with loss in signal continuity observed throughout the survey period. Horizontal radar time slices showed good anomalies observed over all target , but these decreased in amplitude over post-burial time. These were judged due to detecting disturbed grave soil rather than just the buried targets. Magnetic susceptibility and electrical resistivity were successful at target detection in contrast to bulk ground conductivity surveys which were unsuccessful. Deeper burials were all harder to image than shallower ones. Forensic geophysical surveys should be undertaken at suspected burial sites.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: forensic science, forensic geophysics, simulated grave, monitoring, ground penetrating radar, magnetic susceptibilty, conductivity, resistivity
Subjects: Q Science > QE Geology
Divisions: Faculty of Natural Sciences > School of Physical and Geographical Sciences
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Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 11 Feb 2016 11:46
Last Modified: 17 Feb 2017 01:30
URI: http://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/1455

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