Wilson, EL, Garton, M and Fuller, HR ORCID: 0000-0001-8868-896X (2016) Anti-epileptic drugs and bone loss: phenytoin reduces pro-collagen I and alters the electrophoretic mobility of osteonectin in cultured bone cells. Epilepsy Research, 122. pp. 97-101. ISSN 1872-6844

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Abstract

Phenytoin is an antiepileptic drug used in the management of partial and tonic-clonic seizures. In previous studies we have shown that valproate, another antiepileptic drug, reduced the amount of two key bone proteins, pro-collagen I and osteonectin (SPARC, BM-40), in both skin fibroblasts and cultured osteoblast-like cells. Here we show that phenytoin also reduces pro-collagen I production in osteoblast-like cells, but does not appear to cause a decrease in osteonectin message or protein production. Instead, a 24 h exposure to a clinically relevant concentration of phenytoin resulted in a dose-dependent change in electrophoretic mobility of osteonectin, which was suggestive of a change in post-translational modification status. The perturbation of these important bone proteins could be one of the mechanisms to explain the bone loss that has been reported following long-term treatment with phenytoin.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the accepted author manuscript (AAM). The final published version (version of record) is available online via Elsevier at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eplepsyres.2016.03.002 Please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.
Uncontrolled Keywords: epilepsy, drug therapy; phenytoin; valproate; collagen; osteonectin; SPARC; AEDs; anti-epileptic drugs; bone
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Institute for Science and Technology in Medicine
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 11 Mar 2016 12:04
Last Modified: 24 Aug 2018 09:31
URI: http://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/1554

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