Abed, MN and Abdullah, MI and Richardson, A (2016) Antagonism of Bcl-XL is necessary for synergy between carboplatin and BH3 mimetics in ovarian cancer cells. Journal of Ovarian Research, 9 (1). 25 - ?. ISSN 1757-2215
Antagonism of Bcl-XL is necessary for synergy between carboplatin and BH3 mimetics in ovarian cancer cells.pdf - Published Version
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BACKGROUND: BH3 mimetics are a class of drugs that antagonize the Bcl-2 family of apoptosis inhibitors. We have previously shown that these compounds can potentiate the activity of carboplatin against several ovarian cancer cell lines. However, recent clinical studies have highlighted that BH3 mimetics which antagonise Bcl-XL are associated with significant thrombocytopenia. This has led to the development of ABT-199 which specifically inhibits Bcl-2. Unfortunately, Bcl-XL appears to be more frequently deregulated in ovarian cancer than Bcl-2. We therefore compared the ability of ABT-199, and the Bcl-XL selective compound WEHI-539, to potentiate the activity of carboplatin in ovarian cancer cell lines. METHODS: WEHI-539, ABT-737 and ABT-199 were tested in combination with carboplatin using a panel of 6 ovarian cancer cell lines. The activity of the drugs was evaluated using cell growth assays, staining with trypan bue and measurement of apoptosis by measuring caspase 3/7 activity, PARP cleavage and annexin-V/propidium iodide staining. RESULTS: We found that WEHI-539 and ABT-737, but not ABT-199, were synergistic with carboplatin in cell growth assays and potentiated cell death when assessed by trypan blue staining. Furthermore, WEHI-539 and ABT-737 augmented carboplatin induced caspase 3/7 activity, PARP cleavage and annexin V labelling, but ABT-199 failed to do so. CONCLUSIONS: These observations suggest that compounds which target Bcl-XL are necessary if BH3 mimetics are to be successfully used to treat patients with ovarian cancer and this highlights the need to develop strategies to minimize thrombocytopenia induced by such compounds.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Ovarian cancer, BH3 mimetics, Navitoclax, Venetoclax|
|Subjects:||R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer)|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Institute for Science and Technology in Medicine|
|Date Deposited:||27 Apr 2016 09:40|
|Last Modified:||30 Mar 2017 11:36|
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