Parker, R and Ruffell, A and Hughes, D and Pringle, JK (2010) Geophysics and the search of freshwater bodies: a review. Science & Justice, 50 (3). 141 -149. ISSN 1355-0306

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Abstract

Geophysics may assist scent dogs and divers in the search of water bodies for human and animal remains, contraband, weapons and explosives by surveying large areas rapidly and identifying targets or environmental hazards. The most commonly applied methods are described and evaluated for forensic searches. Seismic reflection or refraction and CHIRPS are useful for deep, open water bodies and identifying large targets, yet limited in streams and ponds. The use of ground penetrating radar (GPR) on water (WPR) is of limited use in deep waters (over 20 m) but is advantageous in the search for non-metallic targets in small ditches and ponds. Large metal or metal-bearing targets can be successfully imaged in deep waters by using towfish magnetometers: in shallow waters such a towfish cannot be used, so a non-metalliferous boat can carry a terrestrial magnetometer. Each device has its uses, depending on the target and location: unknown target make-up (e.g. a homicide victim with or without a metal object) may be best located using a range of methods (the multi-proxy approach), depending on water depth. Geophysics may not definitively find the target, but can provide areas for elimination and detailed search by dogs and divers, saving time and effort.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Geophysics, Search, Body recovery, Sunken objects
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA1001 Forensic Medicine. Medical jurisprudence. Legal medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Natural Sciences > School of Physical and Geographical Sciences
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Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 15 Sep 2016 11:13
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2017 16:00
URI: http://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/2153

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