Omede, A, Zi, M, Prehar, S, Maqsood, A, Stafford, N, Mamas, M ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9241-8890, Cartwright, E and Oceandy, D (2016) The oxoglutarate receptor 1 (OXGR1) modulates pressure overload-induced cardiac hypertrophy in mice. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 479 (4). pp. 708-714.

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Abstract

The G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) family of proteins play essential roles in the heart, including in the regulation of cardiac hypertrophy. One member of this family, the oxoglutarate receptor 1 (OXGR1), may have a crucial role in the heart because it acts as a receptor for α-ketoglutarate, a metabolite that is elevated in heart failure patients. OXGR1 is expressed in the heart but its precise function during cardiac pathophysiological process is unknown. Here we used both in vivo and in vitro approaches to investigate the role of OXGR1 in cardiac hypertrophy.

Genetic ablation of Oxgr1 in mice (OXGR1−/−) resulted in a significant increase in hypertrophy following transverse aortic constriction (TAC). This was accompanied by reduction in contractile function as indicated by cardiac fractional shortening and ejection fraction. Conversely, adenoviral mediated overexpression of OXGR1 in neonatal rat cardiomyocytes significantly reduced phenylephrine-induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, a result that was consistent with the in vivo data. Using a combination of yeast two hybrid screening and phospho-antibody array analysis we identified novel interacting partner and downstream signalling pathway that might be regulated by the OXGR1. First, we found that OXGR1 forms a molecular complex with the COP9 signalosome complex subunit 5 (CSN5). Secondly, we observed that the STAT3 signalling pathway was upregulated in OXGR1−/− hearts. Since CSN5 interacts with TYK2, a major upstream regulator of STAT3, OXGR1 might regulate the pro-hypertrophic STAT3 pathway via interaction with the CSN5-TYK2 complex.

In conclusion, our study has identified OXGR1 as a novel regulator of pathological hypertrophy via the regulation of the STAT3. Identification of molecules that can specifically activate or inhibit this receptor may be very useful in the development of novel therapeutic approach for pathological cardiac hypertrophy.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: GPCRs, OXGR1, cardiac hypertrophy, pressure overload, STAT3
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Institute for Science and Technology in Medicine
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 07 Oct 2016 11:07
Last Modified: 08 Apr 2019 10:49
URI: http://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/2243

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