Noman, A and Balasubramaniam, K and Alhous, MHA and Lee, K and Jesudason, P and Rashid, M and Mamas, MA and Zaman, AG (2016) Mortality after percutaneous coronary revascularization: Prior cardiovascular risk factor control and improved outcomes in patients with diabetes mellitus. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. ISSN 1522-726X

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To assess the mortality in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) according to their insulin requirement and PCI setting (elective, urgent, and emergency). BACKGROUND: DM is a major risk factor to develop coronary artery disease (CAD). It is unclear if meticulous glycemic control and aggressive risk factor management in patients with DM has improved outcomes following PCI. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data on 9,224 patients treated with PCI at a regional tertiary center between 2008 and 2011. RESULTS: About 7,652 patients were nondiabetics (non-DM), 1,116 had non-insulin treated diabetes mellitus (NITDM) and 456 had ITDM. Multi-vessel coronary artery disease, renal impairment and non-coronary vascular disease were more prevalent in DM patients. Overall 30-day mortality rate was 2.4%. In a logistic regression model, the adjusted odds ratios (95% confidence intervals [CI]) for 30-day mortality were 1.28 (0.81-2.03, P = 0.34) in NITDM and 2.82 (1.61-4.94, P < 0.001) in ITDM compared with non-DM. During a median follow-up period of 641 days, longer-term post-30 day mortality rate was 5.3%. In the Cox's proportional hazard model, the hazard ratios (95% CI) for longer-term mortality were 1.15 (0.88-1.49, P = 0.31) in NITDM and 1.88 (1.38-2.55, P < 0.001) in ITDM compared with non-DM group. Similar result was observed in all three different PCI settings. CONCLUSION: In the modern era of aggressive cardiovascular risk factor control in diabetes, this study reveals higher mortality only in insulin-treated diabetic patients following PCI for stable coronary artery disease and acute coronary syndrome. Importantly, diabetic patients with good risk factor control and managed on diet or oral hypoglycemics have similar outcomes to the non-diabetic population. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: diabetes mellitus, mortality, percutaneous coronary intervention
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Institute for Science and Technology in Medicine
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 18 Jan 2017 10:03
Last Modified: 26 Apr 2017 09:47
URI: http://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/2799

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