Dou, Y, Sun, X, Liu, D, Zhang, L, Xiao, J, Chen, G, Yu, D ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8449-7725 and Zhao, D (2017) Accuracy of glomerular filtration rate equations for chronic kidney disease patients at the G3a stage: a single-center cross-sectional study. BMC Research Notes, 10.

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Abstract

Background
Kidney disease improving global outcomes provided a new classification for chronic kidney disease (CKD) by subdividing the G3 stage into G3a and G3b stages based on glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in 2012. Currently, a few methods are used to evaluate GFR, including measured GFR (mGFR) and estimated GFR (eGFR). One of the mGFR was 99mTc-DTPA scintigraphy method and eGFR using GFR equations were used clinically. Equations were modification of diet in renal disease (MDRD), chronic kidney disease epidemiology collaboration (CKD-EPI), and Chinese adapted MDRD (C-MDRD). This study assessed the accuracy of three different equations for estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) with mGFR using DTPA scintigraphy method as the standard in a population of Chinese chronic kidney disease patients at the G3a stage.

Results
One hundred and twenty-two patients (age 52.0 ± 15.6 years, 69 were male) were determined as CKD stage 3 based on mGFR. Patients were divided into G3a (47 patients) and G3b (75 patients) subgroups. Bias between eGFR for CKD-EPI and reference mGFR was 0.92 mL/min and 95% limits of agreement was −38.82 to 40.67 mL/min. Bias between eGFR for C-MDRD and mGFR was 3.76 and 95% limits of agreement was −39.32 to 46.85 mL/min. Bias between eGFR for MDRD and mGFR was 3.53 and 95% limits of agreement was −43.35 to 50.4 mL/min. The CKD-EPI equation showed better diagnostic value with a greater area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC: 0.763). AUC for MDRD and C-MDRD were 0.75 and 0.757, respectively.

Conclusions
There were no obvious advantages in accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity for the diagnosis of patients at the G3a stage using the CKD-EPI equation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: G3a stage, Glomerular filtration rate equations, Accuracy, Chronic kidney disease, Biochemistry, Genetics, Molecular Biology, Medicine
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry > QD415 Biochemistry
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Primary Care Health Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 16 Mar 2017 14:12
Last Modified: 29 Mar 2019 13:55
URI: http://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/3025

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