Groenewegen, M, Vlemmings, W, Marigo, P, Sloan, GC, Decin, L, Feast, M, Goldman, SR, Justtanont, K, Kerschbaum, F, Matsuura, M, McDonald, I, Olofsson, H, Sahai, R, van Loon, JT ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1272-3017, Wood, PR, Zijlstra, A, Bernard-Salas, J, Boyer, M, Guzman-Ramirez, L, Jones, OC, Lagadec, E, Meixner, M, Rawlings, M and Srinivasan, S (2016) The ALMA detection of CO rotational line emission in AGB stars in the Large Magellanic Cloud. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 596.

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Abstract

Context. Low- and intermediate-mass stars lose most of their stellar mass at the end of their lives on the asymptotic giant branch (AGB). Determining gas and dust mass-loss rates (MLRs) is important in quantifying the contribution of evolved stars to the enrichment of the interstellar medium.

Aims. This study attempts to spectrally resolve CO thermal line emission in a small sample of AGB stars in the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC).

Methods. The Atacama Large Millimeter Array was used to observe two OH/IR stars and four carbon stars in the LMC in the CO J = 2−1 line.

Results. We present the first measurement of expansion velocities in extragalactic carbon stars. All four C stars are detected and wind expansion velocities and stellar velocities are directly measured. Mass-loss rates are derived from modelling the spectral energy distribution and Spitzer/IRS spectrum with the DUSTY code. The derived gas-to-dust ratios allow the predicted velocities to agree with the observed gas-to-dust ratios. The expansion velocities and MLRs are compared to a Galactic sample of well-studied relatively low MLRs stars supplemented with extreme C stars with properties that are more similar to the LMC targets. Gas MLRs derived from a simple formula are significantly smaller than those derived from dust modelling, indicating an order of magnitude underestimate of the estimated CO abundance, time-variable mass loss, or that the CO intensities in LMC stars are lower than predicted by the formula derived for Galactic objects. This could be related to a stronger interstellar radiation field in the LMC.

Conclusions. Although the LMC sample is small and the comparison to Galactic stars is non-trivial because of uncertainties in their distances (hence luminosities), it appears that for C stars the wind expansion velocities in the LMC are lower than in the solar neighbourhood, while the MLRs appear to be similar. This is in agreement with dynamical dust-driven wind models.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © ESO, 2016
Uncontrolled Keywords: stars:AGB and post-AGB; stars:winds; outflows; radio continuum:stars
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QB Astronomy > QB799 Stars
Divisions: Faculty of Natural Sciences > School of Physical and Geographical Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 21 Mar 2017 16:04
Last Modified: 04 Apr 2019 08:48
URI: http://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/3044

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