Wilkie, R and Tajar, A and McBeth, J (2013) The onset of widespread musculoskeletal pain is associated with a decrease in healthy ageing in older people: a population-based prospective study. PLoS One, 8 (3). e59858 - ?. ISSN 1932-6203

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Chronic musculoskeletal pain is common in older adults but the nature of its relationship with ageing is unclear. The objective for this study was to test the hypothesis that the onset of widespread pain would be associated with a decrease in healthy ageing. METHODS: Population-based prospective cohort study. A "healthy ageing" index was constructed across biomedical, physical, psychosocial and lay components. Analysis was performed with 2949 adults aged 50 years and over who had complete index scores at baseline, 3 and 6-year follow-ups. RESULTS: At three and six year follow-up, 365 (16.8%) and 259 (14.3%) experienced the onset of widespread pain. The onset of widespread pain during the six-year period was associated with a 25% and a 46% decrease in healthy ageing index scores; this decrease was independent of age, sex, education, social networks, smoking status, alcohol consumption and physical inactivity. The decrease in healthy ageing attenuated to 20% and 39% following adjustment for diagnosed musculoskeletal conditions and analgesic and non-steroidal use. CONCLUSIONS: The onset of widespread pain was associated with a decrease in healthy ageing throughout the six-year period. When pain increased over time, the markers of unhealthy ageing increased also. Strong analgesia was associated with unhealthy ageing. Research could now usefully test whether early identification, improved treatment and prevention of pain prior to old age may facilitate healthy ageing.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the final published version of the article (version of record). It first appeared online via Public Library of Science at http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0059858 - please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Aged, Aging, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Health Status, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Musculoskeletal Pain, Pain Measurement, Prospective Studies, Quality of Life, Research Design, Surveys and Questionnaires
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC925 Diseases of the musculoskeletal system
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Primary Care Health Sciences
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 24 Mar 2017 09:50
Last Modified: 24 Mar 2017 09:57
URI: http://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/3057

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