Pilz, B, Vasconcelos, R, Teixeira, P, Mello, W, Marcondes, F, Hill, JC and Grossi, D (2017) Construct and discriminant validity of STarT Back Screening Tool – Brazilian version. Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy, 21 (1). 69 - 73.

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Abstract

Background
The STarT Back Screening Tool (SBST) was developed to stratify low back pain patients according to their risk of future physical disability so that prognostic subgroups can receive matched treatments in primary care.

Objective
To measure the construct and discriminative validity of the SBST-Brazil questionnaire.

Method
A hundred and fifty one patients were recruited to test the construct and discriminative validity comparing the SBST-Brazil to the Brazilian Version of the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ) and Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire-Work (FABQ-W) and Physical Activity (FABQ-PA) subscales at baseline. Spearman's rank-order correlation and area under the curve (AUC) derived from receiver operating curves (ROC) for total scores and psychosocial subscale score of the SBST-Brazil were used for construct and discriminant validity analysis, respectively.

Results
The SBST-Brazil total and psychosocial subscale scores had good and moderate correlation with ODI (r = 0.61; r = 0.56, respectively) and good with RMDQ (r = 0.70; r = 0.64, respectively). Both scores of the SBST-Brazil total and psychosocial subscale correlated weakly and moderately with the FABQ-PA (r = 0.28; r = 0.34, respectively) and weakly with the FABQ-W (r = 0.18; r = 0.20, respectively). The discriminant validity with AUCs for the total and psychosocial subscale scores against reference standard ranged from 0.66 for kinesiophobia to 0.88 for disability.

Conclusion
The SBST-Brazil showed a moderate to good correlation with the disability tools, but a weak correlation with fear-avoidance beliefs. The results of discriminant validity suggest that SBST-Brazil is able to discriminate low back pain patients with disability and fear-avoidance beliefs.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2017 Associação Brasileira de Pesquisa e Pós-Graduação em Fisioterapia. Published by Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Physical therapy; Low back pain; STarT Back Screening Tool; Outcome measurement; Validity
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Primary Care Health Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 27 Mar 2017 13:23
Last Modified: 29 Mar 2019 14:37
URI: http://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/3084

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