Chapman, SR ORCID: 0000-0002-0326-7742, Naughton, B, Brindley, D, Roberts, L and Dopson, S (2017) Medicine authentication technology as a counterfeit medicine-detection tool: a Delphi method study to establish expert opinion on manual medicine authentication technology in secondary care. BMJ Open, 7 (5). ISSN 2044-6055

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Abstract

Objectives This study aims to establish expert opinion and potential improvements for the Falsified Medicines Directive mandated medicines authentication technology.

Design and intervention A two-round Delphi method study using an online questionnaire.

Setting Large National Health Service (NHS) foundation trust teaching hospital.

Participants Secondary care pharmacists and accredited checking technicians.

Primary outcome measures Seven-point rating scale answers which reached a consensus of 70–80% with a standard deviation (SD) of <1.0. Likert scale questions which reached a consensus of 70–80%, a SD of <1.0 and classified as important according to study criteria.

Results Consensus expert opinion has described database cross-checking technology as quick and user friendly and suggested the inclusion of an audio signal to further support the detection of counterfeit medicines in secondary care (70% consensus, 0.9 SD); other important consensus with a SD of <1.0 included reviewing the colour and information in warning pop up screens to ensure they were not mistaken for the ‘already dispensed here’ pop up, encouraging the dispenser/checker to act on the warnings and making it mandatory to complete an ‘action taken’ documentation process to improve the quarantine of potentially counterfeit, expired or recalled medicines.

Conclusions This paper informs key opinion leaders and decision makers as to the positives and negatives of medicines authentication technology from an operator's perspective and suggests the adjustments which may be required to improve operator compliance and the detection of counterfeit medicines in the secondary care sector.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the final published version of the article (version of record). It first appeared online via BMJ at https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2016-013838 - please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Institute for Science and Technology in Medicine
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 09 May 2017 13:20
Last Modified: 03 Sep 2018 08:43
URI: http://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/3366

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