Yu, D ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8449-7725, Chen, T, Cai, Y, Zhao, Z and Simmons, D (2017) Association between pulmonary function and renal function: findings from China and Australia. BMC Nephrology, 18 (143).

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Abstract

Background
The relationship between obstructive lung function and impaired renal function is unclear. This study investigated the dose-response relationship between obstructive lung function and impaired renal function.

Methods
Two independent cross-sectional studies with representative sampling were applied. 1454 adults from rural Victoria, Australia (1298 with normal renal function, 156 with impaired renal function) and 5824 adults from Nanjing, China (4313 with normal renal function, 1511 with impaired renal function). Pulmonary function measurements included forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) and forced vital capacity (FVC). Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), and impaired renal function marked by eGFR <60 mL/min/1.73m2 were used as outcome.

Results
eGFR increased linearly with FEV1 in Chinese participants and with FVC in Australians. A non-linear relationship with peaked eGFR was found for FEV1 at 2.65 L among Australians and for FVC at 2.78 L among Chinese participants, respectively. A non-linear relationship with peaked eGFR was found for the predicted percentage value of forced expiratory volume in 1 s (PFEV1) at 81–82% and for the predicted percentage value of forced vital capacity (PFVC) at 83–84% among both Chinese and Australian participants, respectively.

The non-linear dose-response relationships between lung capacity measurements (both for FEV1 and FVC) and risk of impaired renal function were consistently identified in both Chinese and Australian participants. An increased risk of impaired renal function was found below 3.05 L both for FEV1 and FVC, respectively. The non-linear relationship between PFEV and PVC and the risk of impaired renal function were consistently identified in both Chinese and Australian participants. An increased risk of impaired renal function was found below 76–77% for PFEV1 and 79–80% for PFVC, respectively.

Conclusions
In both Australian and Chinese populations, the risk of impaired renal function increased both with FEV1 and FVC below 3.05 L, with PFEV1 below 76–77% or with PFVC below 79–80%, respectively. Obstructive lung function was associated with increased risk of reduced renal function. The screen for impaired renal function in patients with obstructive lung disease might be useful to ensure there was no impaired renal function before the commencement of potentially nephrotoxic medication where indicated (eg diuretics).

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1;) Forced vital capacity (FVC); Lung capacity; Renal function; Estimated glomerular filtration rate; The predicted percentage value of forced expiratory volume in 1 s (PFEV1); The predicted percentage value of forced vital capacity (PFVC)
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC705 Diseases of the respiratory system
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC870 Diseases of the genitourinary system. Urology
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Primary Care Health Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 10 May 2017 11:35
Last Modified: 20 Mar 2019 11:56
URI: http://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/3397

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