Jenkins, Stuart Iain (2013) Applications of magnetic particles for oligodendrocyte precursor cell transplantation strategies. Doctoral thesis, Keele University.

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Abstract

Oligodendrocyte precursor cells (OPCs) are a major transplant population to promote myelin repair and central nervous system (CNS) regeneration in conditions such as Multiple Sclerosis and spinal cord injury. Magnetic particles (MPs) can offer a multifunctional platform for cell therapies, facilitating labelling for cell tracking (e.g. by MRI and histopathology); biomolecule delivery (including nonviral gene delivery,
enhanceable by novel ‘magnetofection’ strategies); and magnetic cell targeting of transplant populations. However, MP-based applications for neural tissue engineering have received limited attention to date.

This thesis demonstrates that ~60% of OPCs (derived from a primary source) can be safely labelled using two well-characterised MP formulations, including a novel
multimodal MP with transfection plus cell labelling capabilities. A rapid, technically simple, high-throughput ultrastructural imaging technique, OTOTO SEM, has been developed to study the surface interactions of MPs with precursor cells. Safe MP-mediated transfection of OPCs was demonstrated, including with multiple and therapeutic genes. Transfection efficiency was enhanced by static/oscillating ‘magnetofection’ techniques
(~21%; competitive with nonviral alternatives). Organotypic cerebellar slice cultures were developed as a model of ‘host’ neural tissue, and ‘magnetofected’ OPCs exhibited normal migration, proliferation and differentiation profiles following transplantation onto such slices.

Safe labelling (~45%) and transfection (enhanced by static/oscillating magnetofection strategies: ~6%) of oligodendrocytes was achieved utilising identical
protocols to those developed for OPCs. A comparative intralineage analysis demonstrated that MP-uptake and amenability to transfection were significantly lower in oligodendrocytes compared to OPCs. Inter-cellular comparisons of MP-handling by the four major CNS glial subtypes (viz. OPCs, oligodendrocytes, astrocytes, microglia; derived from the same primary source) revealed major differences in the rate/extent of MP uptake,
amenability to transfection, optimal magnetofection frequency, and MP-associated toxicity. Finally, a stoichiometrically-defined glial co-culture model was developed and utilised to test the hypothesis that microglia represent an ‘extracellular barrier’ to MP
uptake by other glia.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Institute for Science and Technology in Medicine
Depositing User: Lisa Bailey
Date Deposited: 26 Jul 2017 11:35
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2017 11:35
URI: http://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/3821

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