Longstaff, ES and Casewell, SL and Wynn, GA and Maxted, PFL and Helling, C (2017) Emission lines in the atmosphere of the irradiated brown dwarf WD0137−349B. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 471. 1728 - 1736. ISSN 1365-2966

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Abstract

We present new optical and near-infrared spectra of WD0137−349; a close white dwarf–brown dwarf non-interacting binary system with a period of ≈114 min. We have confirmed the presence of Hα emission and discovered He, Na, Mg, Si, K, Ca, Ti and Fe emission lines originating from the brown-dwarf atmosphere. This is the first brown-dwarf atmosphere to have been observed to exhibit metal emission lines as a direct result of intense irradiation. The equivalent widths of many of these lines showa significant difference between the day-side and night-side of the brown dwarf. This is likely an indication that efficient heat redistribution may not be happening on this object, in agreement with models of hot Jupiter atmospheres. The Hα line strength variation shows a strong phase dependency as does the width.We have simulated the Ca II emission lines using a model that includes the brown-dwarf Roche geometry and limb darkening, and we estimate the mass ratio of the system to be 0.135 ± 0.004. We also apply a gas-phase equilibrium code using a prescribed DRIFT-PHOENIX model to examine how the chemical composition of the brown-dwarf upper atmosphere would change given an outward temperature increase, and discuss the possibility that this would induce a chromosphere above the brown-dwarf atmosphere.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society © 2017 The Authors. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Uncontrolled Keywords: binaries, close, brown dwarfs, white dwarfs
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy > QB460 Astrophysics
Divisions: Faculty of Natural Sciences > School of Chemical and Physical Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 05 Sep 2017 14:29
Last Modified: 05 Sep 2017 15:02
URI: http://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/3993

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