Stalder, R and Potrafke, A and Billstrom, K and Skogby, H and Meinhold, G and Goegele, C and Berberich, T (2017) OH defects in quartz as monitor for igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary processes. American Mineralogist, 102 (9). 1832 -1842. ISSN 0003-004X

[img] Text
Stalder_etal_2017.pdf - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only until 5 September 2018.
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial.

Download (3MB)

Abstract

Oriented sections of more than 500 quartz grains from sediments, igneous, and metamorphic rocks from different localities in Sweden, Austria, Germany, and South Africa were analyzed by FTIR spectroscopy, and their OH defect content was determined with respect to the speciation and total defect water content. Systematic variations of defect speciation and statistical evaluation of total defect contents were used to evaluate the potential of FTIR spectroscopy on quartz as a thermometer in quartzite, as a tool for differentiation trends in granitic systems, and for provenance analysis of sedimentary rocks. In addition to the analyses of natural crystals, high-pressure annealing experiments at lower crustal conditions (1–3 kbar and 650–750 °C) were performed to document the effect of high-grade metamorphism on the defect chemistry. Results indicate that (1) quartz grains from unmetamorphosed granite bodies reveal interesting differentiation trends; (2) sediments and sedimentary rocks are valuable archives to preserve the pre-sedimentary OH defect chemistry, where individual signatures are preserved and can be traced back to potential source rocks; (3) OH defects are retained up to 300 °C over geological time scales; (4) long-term low-grade metamorphic overprint leads to a continuous annealing to lower defect water contents, where Al-specific OH defects survive best; and (5) middle to high-grade annealing drives toward a homogeneous defect partitioning from grain to grain, where the degree of attainment of equilibrium depends on temperature and duration of the thermal event.

In summary, OH defects in quartz crystals monitor parts of their geological history, and the systematic investigation and statistical treatment of a large amount of grains can be applied as an analytical tool to study sedimentary, metamorphic, and igneous processes.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the accepted author manuscript (AAM). The final published version (version of record) is available online via GeoScienceWorld at https://doi.org/10.2138/am-2017-6107 - please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GB Physical geography
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Institute for Science and Technology in Medicine
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 13 Oct 2017 15:38
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2017 15:42
URI: http://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/4084

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item