Geng, R, Omar, A, Gopal, SR, Chen, DH-C, Stepanyan, R, Basch, L, Dinculescu, A, Furness, DN, Saperstein, D, Hauswirth, W, Lustig, LR and Alagramam, KN (2017) Modeling and Preventing Progressive Hearing Loss in Usher Syndrome III. Scientific Reports, 7 (1).

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Abstract

Usher syndrome type III (USH3) characterized by progressive loss of vision and hearing is caused by mutations in the clarin-1 gene (CLRN1). Clrn1 knockout (KO) mice develop hair cell defects by postnatal day 2 (P2) and are deaf by P21-P25. Early onset profound hearing loss in KO mice and lack of information about the cochlear cell type that requires Clrn1 expression pose challenges to therapeutic investigation. We generated KO mice harboring a transgene, TgAC1, consisting of Clrn1-UTR (Clrn1 cDNA including its 5′ and 3′ UTR) under the control of regulatory elements (Atoh1 3′ enhancer/β-globin basal promoter) to direct expression of Clrn1 in hair cells during development and down regulate it postnatally. The KO-TgAC1 mice displayed delayed onset progressive hearing loss associated with deterioration of the hair bundle structure, leading to the hypothesis that hair cell expression of Clrn1 is essential for postnatal preservation of hair cell structure and hearing. Consistent with that hypothesis, perinatal transfection of hair cells in KO-TgAC1 mice with a single injection of AAV-Clrn1-UTR vector showed correlative preservation of the hair bundle structure and hearing through adult life. Further, the efficacy of AAV-Clrn1 vector was significantly attenuated, revealing the potential importance of UTR in gene therapy.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the final published version of the article (version of record). It first appeared online via Nature Publishing Group at http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-13620-9 - please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Natural Sciences > School of Life Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 18 Oct 2017 14:07
Last Modified: 19 Mar 2019 09:00
URI: http://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/4114

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