Deca, J and Vos, J and Németh, P and Maxted, PFL and Copperwheat, CM and Marsh, TR and Østensen, R (2017) Evolutionary Constraints on the Long-period Subdwarf B Binary PG 1018–047. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. ISSN 1365-2966

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Abstract

We have revisited the sdB+K-star long-period binary PG 1018–047 based on 20 new high-resolution VLT/UVES spectra that provided regular coverage over a period of more than 26 months. We refine the period and establish that the orbit is significantly eccentric (P = 751.6 ± 1.9 d and e = 0.049 ± 0.008). A simultaneous fit derived from the narrow metal lines visible in the spectrum of the sdB star and the metal lines in the red part of the spectrum that originate from the companion provides the mass ratio, MMS/MsdB = 1.52 ± 0.04, for the system. From an NLTE model atmosphere analysis of the combined spectra, we find Teff = 29900±330 K, log g = 5.65±0.06 dex and log(nHe/nH) = –3.98±0.16 dex for the primary, consistent with a B-type hot subdwarf star. The spectral contribution of the companion is consistent with a K5V-type star. With the companion having a mass of only ∼0.7 M� this system lies close to the boundary below which stable Roche-lobe over-flow (RLOF) cannot be supported. To model the evolution of such a system, we have extended earlier MESA models towards lower companion masses. We find that both phase-dependent mass loss during RLOF, when 30 to 40% of the available mass is lost through the outer Lagrange point, and phase-dependent mass loss during RLOF in combination with a circumbinary disk of maximum MCB = 0.001 M� could have formed the PG 1018–047 binary system.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society ©: 2017 The Authors. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Uncontrolled Keywords: binaries, close, spectroscopic, stars, evolution, individual, PG 1018–047, subdwarfs
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy > QB460 Astrophysics
Divisions: Faculty of Natural Sciences > School of Chemical and Physical Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 07 Nov 2017 13:52
Last Modified: 07 Nov 2017 14:02
URI: http://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/4189

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