Proietti, V, Laurence, SK, Matthews, CM, Zhou, X and Mondloch, CJ (2018) Attending to Identity Cues Reduces the Own-age but not the Own-race Recognition Advantage. Vision Research. ISSN 0042-6989

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Abstract

Adults’ ability to recognize individual faces is shaped by experience. Young adults recognize own-age and own-race faces more accurately than other-age and other-race faces. The own-age and own-race biases have been attributed to differential perceptual experience and to differences in how in-group vs. out-group faces are processed, with in-group faces being processed at the individual level and out-group faces being processed at the categorical level. To examine this social categorization hypothesis, young adults studied young and older faces in Experiment 1 and own- and other-race faces in Experiment 2. During the learning phase the identity-matching group viewed faces in pairs and completed a same/different task designed to enhance attention to individuating cues; the passive-viewing group memorized faces presented individually. After the learning phase, all participants completed an identical old/new recognition task. Both passive-viewing groups showed the expected recognition bias, but divergent patterns were observed in the identity-matching groups. Whereas the identity-matching task eliminated the own-age bias, it neither eliminated nor reduced the own-race bias. Collectively, these results suggest that categorization-individuation processes do not play the same role in explaining the two recognition biases.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the accepted author manuscript (AAM). The final published version (version of record) is available online via Elsevier at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.visres.2017.11.010 Please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.
Uncontrolled Keywords: face recognition; categorization-individuation processes; own-age bias; own-race bias
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Natural Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 17 Nov 2017 09:23
Last Modified: 06 Jun 2018 15:41
URI: http://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/4237

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