Babatunde, OO ORCID: 0000-0002-5064-6446, Jordan, JL, Van, T, Jinks, C, Dziedzic, KS, Protheroe, J, Chew-Graham, CA and van der Windt, DA (2018) Evidence Flowers: An Innovative, Visual Method of Presenting ‘Best Evidence’ Summaries to Health Professional and Lay Audiences. Research Synthesis Methods, 9 (2). pp. 273-284. ISSN 1759-2887

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Abstract

Background & Aims
Barriers to dissemination and engagement with evidence pose a threat to implementing evidence‐based medicine. Understanding, retention, and recall can be enhanced by visual presentation of information. The aim of this exploratory research was to develop and evaluate the accessibility and acceptability of visual summaries for presenting evidence syntheses with multiple exposures or outcomes to professional and lay audiences.

Methods
“Evidence flowers” were developed as a visual method of presenting data from 4 case scenarios: 2 complex evidence syntheses with multiple outcomes, Cochrane reviews, and clinical guidelines. Petals of evidence flowers were coloured according to the GRADE evidence rating system to display key findings and recommendations from the evidence summaries. Application of evidence flowers was observed during stakeholder workshops. Evaluation and feedback were conducted via questionnaires and informal interviews.

Results
Feedback from stakeholders on the evidence flowers collected from workshops, questionnaires, and interviews was encouraging and helpful for refining the design of the flowers. Comments were made on the content and design of the flowers, as well as the usability and potential for displaying different types of evidence.

Conclusions
Evidence flowers are a novel and visually stimulating method for presenting research evidence from evidence syntheses with multiple exposures or outcomes, Cochrane reviews, and clinical guidelines. To promote access and engagement with research evidence, evidence flowers may be used in conjunction with other evidence synthesis products, such as (lay) summaries, evidence inventories, rapid reviews, and clinical guidelines. Additional research on potential adaptations and applications of the evidence flowers may further bridge the gap between research evidence and clinical practice.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the accepted author manuscript (AAM). The final published version (version of record) is available online via Wiley at https://doi.org/10.1002/jrsm.1295 Please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Primary Care Health Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 19 Feb 2018 16:19
Last Modified: 18 Jun 2018 08:50
URI: http://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/4468

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