Demangeon, ODS and Faedi, F and Hebrard, G and Brown, DJA and Barros, SCC and Doyle, AP and Maxted, PFL and Cameron, AC and Hay, KL and Alikakos, J and Anderson, DR and Armstrong, DJ and Boumis, P and Bonomo, AS and Bouchy, F and Delrez, L and Gillon, M and Haswell, CA and Hellier, C and Jehin, E and Kiefer, F and Lam, KWF and Lendl, M and Mancini, L and McCormac, J and Norton, AJ and Osborn, HP and Palle, E and Pepe, F and Pollacco, DL and Prieto-Arranz, J and Queloz, D and Segransan, D and Smalley, B and Triaud, AHMJ and Udry, S and West, R and Wheatley, PJ (2018) The discovery of WASP-151b, WASP-153b, WASP-156b: Insights on giant planet migration and the upper boundary of the Neptunian desert. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 610. ISSN 0004-6361

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Abstract

To investigate the origin of the features discovered in the exoplanet population, the knowledge of exoplanets mass and radius with a good precision (less than or similar to 10%) is essential. To achieve this purpose the discovery of transiting exoplanets around bright stars is of prime interest. In this paper, we report the discovery of three transiting exoplanets by the SuperWASP survey and the SOPHIE spectrograph with mass and radius determined with a precision better than 15%. WASP-151b and WASP-153b are two hot Saturns with masses, radii, densities and equilibrium temperatures of 0.31(-0.03)(+0.04) M-J, 1.13(-0.03)(+0.03) R-J, 0.22(-0.02)(+0.03) rho(J) and 1290(-10)(+20) K, and 0.39(-0.02)(+0.02) M-J, 1.55(-0.08)(+0.10) R-J, 0.11(-0.02)(+0.02) rho(J) and 1700(-40)(+40) K, respectively. Their host stars are early G type stars (with mag V similar to 13) and their orbital periods are 4.53 and 3.33 days, respectively. WASP-156b is a super-Neptune orbiting a K type star (mag V = 11.6). It has a mass of 0.128(-0.009)(+0.010) M-J, a radius of 0.51(-0.02)(+0.02) R-J, a density of 1.0(-0.1)(+0.1) rho(J), an equilibrium temperature of 970(-20)(+30) K and an orbital period of 3.83 days. The radius of WASP-151b appears to be only slightly inflated, while WASP-153b presents a significant radius anomaly compared to a recently published model. WASP-156b, being one of the few well characterized super-Neptunes, will help to constrain the still debated formation of Neptune size planets and the transition between gas and ice giants. The estimates of the age of these three stars confirms an already observed tendency for some stars to have gyrochronological ages significantly lower than their isochronal ages. We propose that high eccentricity migration could partially explain this behavior for stars hosting a short period planet. Finally, these three planets also lie close to (WASP-151b and WASP-153b) or below (WASP-156b) the upper boundary of the Neptunian desert. Their characteristics support that the ultra-violet irradiation plays an important role in this depletion of planets observed in the exoplanet population.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the final published version of the article (version of record). It first appeared online via EDP Sciences at http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201731735 - please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.
Uncontrolled Keywords: planets and satellites, detection, techniques, radial velocities, photometric, stars, individual, WASP-151, WASP-153, WASP-156
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy > QB460 Astrophysics
Q Science > QB Astronomy > QB799 Stars
Divisions: Faculty of Natural Sciences > School of Chemical and Physical Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 03 Apr 2018 13:58
Last Modified: 03 Apr 2018 14:04
URI: http://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/4699

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