Kwok, CS ORCID: 0000-0001-7047-1586, Kontopantelis, E, Kuligowski, G, Muhyaldeen, A, Peat, GM ORCID: 0000-0002-9008-0184, Gale, CP, Cleator, J, Chew-Graham, CA, Loke, YK and Mamas, M ORCID: 0000-0001-9241-8890 (2018) Self-reported sleep duration and quality and cardiovascular disease and mortality: a dose-response meta-analysis. Journal of the American Heart Association, 7 (15). ISSN 2047-9980

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Abstract

Abstract Background: There is growing evidence that sleep duration and quality may be associated with cardiovascular harm and mortality. Methods and Results: We conducted a systematic review, meta-analysis and spline analysis of prospective cohort studies which evaluate the association between sleep duration and quality, and cardiovascular outcomes. We searched MEDLINE and EMBASE for these studies and extracted data from identified studies. We employed linear and non-linear dose-response meta-analysis models and used DerSimonian-Laird random-effects meta-analysis models of risk ratios, with inverse variance weighting, and the I2 statistic to quantify heterogeneity. 74 studies including 3,340,684 participants with 164,600 deaths among 1,447,093 participants who reported death events. Findings were broadly similar across both linear and non-linear dose response models in 30 studies with >1,000,000 participants, and we report results from the linear model. Self-reported duration of sleep beyond 8 hours was associated with a moderate increased risk of all-cause mortality, with RR 1.14(1.05-1.25) for 9 hours, RR 1.30(1.19-1.42) for 10 hours and RR 1.47(1.33-1.64) for 11 hours. No significant difference was identified for periods of self-reported sleep below 7 hours, while similar patterns were observed for stroke and cardiovascular disease mortality. Subjective poor sleep quality was associated with coronary heart disease (RR 1.44 95%CI 1.09-1.90) but no difference in mortality and other outcomes. Conclusions: Divergence from the recommended 7 to 8 hours of sleep is associated with a higher risk of mortality and cardiovascular events. Longer duration of sleep may be more associated with adverse outcomes compared with shorter sleep durations.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the accepted author manuscript (AAM). The final published version (version of record) will be available via AHA at http://jaha.ahajournals.org/ - please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.
Uncontrolled Keywords: meta-analysis, coronary artery disease, cardiac risk factors and prevention
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC666 Diseases of the circulatory (Cardiovascular) system
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Institute for Science and Technology in Medicine
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 21 May 2018 14:16
Last Modified: 19 Nov 2018 10:03
URI: http://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/4932

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