Babatunde, OO ORCID: 0000-0002-5064-6446, Legha, A, Littlewood, C, Chesterton, LS, Thomas, MJ, Menz, H, Van Der Windt, DAW and Roddy, E (2018) Comparative Effectiveness of Treatment Options for Plantar Heel Pain: A Systematic Review with Network Meta-Analysis. British Journal of Sports Medicine. ISSN 1473-0480 (In Press)

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Abstract

Objective
To evaluate the comparative effectiveness of current treatment options for plantar heel pain (PHP).

Design
Systematic review and network meta-analysis (NMA).

Data Sources
Medline, EMBASE, CINAHL, AMED, PEDro, Cochrane Database, Web of Science, and WHO Clinical Trials Platform were searched from their inception until January 2018.
Study selection: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of adults with PHP investigating common treatments (i.e. corticosteroid injection, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), therapeutic exercise, orthoses and/or extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT)) compared with each other or a no treatment, placebo/sham control.

Data extraction and analysis
Data were extracted and checked for accuracy and completeness by pairs of reviewers. Primary outcomes were pain and function. Comparative treatment effects were analysed by random effects network meta-analysis in the short, medium, and long term. Relative ranking of treatments was assessed by surface under the cumulative ranking (SUCRA) probabilities (0-100 scale).

Results
Thirty-one RCTs (total n= 2450 patients) were included. There was no evidence of inconsistency detected between direct and indirect treatment comparisons in the networks, but sparse data led to frequently wide confidence intervals. Available evidence does not suggest that any of the commonly used treatments for the management of PHP are better than any other, although corticosteroid injections, alone or in combination with exercise, and ESWT were ranked most likely to be effective for the management of short, medium and long term pain or function; Placebo/sham/control appeared least likely to be effective; and exercise appeared to only be beneficial for long term pain or function.

Conclusions
Current evidence is equivocal regarding which treatment is the most effective for the management of PHP. Given limited understanding of long-term effects, there is need for large, methodologically robust multicentre RCTs investigating and directly comparing commonly used treatments for the management of PHP.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the accepted author manuscript (AAM). The final published version (version of record) will be available online via British Journal of Sports Medicine at http://bjsm.bmj.com/ - please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Primary Care Health Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 04 Jun 2018 09:45
Last Modified: 18 Jun 2018 08:49
URI: http://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/4980

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