Al-Ani, A, Gertisser, R ORCID: 0000-0002-9973-2230 and Zholobenko, VI (2018) Structural features and stability of Spanish sepiolite as a potential catalyst. Applied Clay Science, 162. 297 -304. ISSN 0169-1317

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Abstract

Abstract Sepiolite-based catalysts loaded with potassium hydroxide were prepared via the wet impregnation and ion-exchange methods and evaluated as catalysts in base-assisted reactions, such as transesterification of renewable oils. The structural features of these catalysts were characterised in detail by variable-temperature in situ X-ray diffraction, N2 adsorption-desorption, scanning electron microscopy with energy-dispersive X-ray analysis and in situ FTIR spectroscopy. Although a high yield of fatty acid methyl esters was achieved in transesterification reactions in the presence of K-containing sepiolite, this system showed significant deactivation due to its structural degradation and loss of the active component during the reaction and regeneration cycles. This work demonstrates for the first time how the thermal and structural stability of sepiolite based systems can affect their performance, which is an essential issue that has not been sufficiently addressed in recent research related to the catalytic applications of these materials.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The final published article can be found online at https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0169131718302758?via%3Dihub
Uncontrolled Keywords: Structural stability; In situ XRD; Sepiolite; Transesterification; Microwave catalysis
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General)
Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions: Faculty of Natural Sciences > School of Geography, Geology and the Environment
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 10 Jul 2018 07:51
Last Modified: 10 Sep 2018 14:16
URI: http://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/5116

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