Menz, HB, Thomas, MJ, Marshall, M, Rathod-Mistry, T, Hall, A, Chesterton, L, Peat, GM and Roddy, E (2018) Coexistence of plantar calcaneal spurs and plantar fascial thickening in individuals with plantar heel pain. Rheumatology. ISSN 1462-0324 (In Press)

[img] Text
Coexistence of spurs and plantar fascial thickening_main document_FINAL.docx - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only until 23 July 2019.

Download (105kB)
[img] Image
Figure 2.tif - Supplemental Material
Restricted to Repository staff only until 23 July 2019.

Download (24MB)
[img] Image
Figure 3.tif - Supplemental Material
Restricted to Repository staff only until 23 July 2019.

Download (138kB)
[img] Text
Supplementary file.docx - Supplemental Material
Restricted to Repository staff only until 23 July 2019.

Download (14kB)
[img] Text
Table 1.docx - Supplemental Material
Restricted to Repository staff only until 23 July 2019.

Download (14kB)
[img] Text
Table 2.docx - Supplemental Material
Restricted to Repository staff only until 23 July 2019.

Download (31kB)
[img] Text
Table 3.docx - Supplemental Material
Restricted to Repository staff only until 23 July 2019.

Download (31kB)

Abstract

Objectives
To examine associations between plantar calcaneal spurs, plantar fascia thickening and plantar heel pain (PHP), and to determine whether tenderness on palpation of the heel differentiates between these presentations.

Methods
Adults aged ≥50 years registered with four general practices were mailed a Health Survey. Responders reporting foot pain within the last 12 months underwent a detailed clinical assessment. PHP in the past month was documented using a foot manikin. Plantar calcaneal spurs were identified from weight-bearing lateral radiographs and plantar fascia thickening (defined as >4mm) from ultrasound. Tenderness on palpation of the plantar fascia insertion was documented. Associations between these factors and PHP were explored using generalised estimating equations.

Results
Clinical and radiographic data were available from 530 participants (296 women, mean [SD] age 64.9 [8.4] years), 117 (22.1%) of whom reported PHP. Plantar calcaneal spurs and plantar fascia thickening were identified in 281 (26.5%) and 501 (47.3%) feet, respectively, but frequently coexisted (n=217, 20.4%). Isolated plantar calcaneal spurs were rare (n=64, 6.0%). Participants with PHP were more likely to have a combination of these features compared to those without PHP (odds ratio 2.16, 95% confidence interval 1.24–3.77, p=0.007). Tenderness on palpation of the heel was not associated with plantar calcaneal spurs or plantar fascia thickening, either in isolation or in combination, in those with PHP.

Conclusion
Plantar calcaneal spurs and plantar fascial thickening are associated with PHP, but frequently coexist. Tenderness on palpation of the heel does not appear to differentiate between clinical presentations of PHP.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the accepted author manuscript (AAM). The final published version (version of record) will be available online via Oxford University Press at http://rheumatology.oxfordjournals.org/ - please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.
Uncontrolled Keywords: plantar fasciitis, heel spur syndrome, calcaneal spur
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC927 Rheumatism
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Primary Care Health Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 27 Jul 2018 09:50
Last Modified: 27 Jul 2018 09:52
URI: http://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/5158

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item