Jeffries, RD and Oliveira, JM and Naylor, T and Mayne, NJ and Littlefair, SP (2007) The Keele-Exeter young cluster survey: I. Low mass pre-main sequence stars in NGC 2169. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 376 (2). 580 -598. ISSN 1365-2966

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Abstract

We have used R_C I_C CCD photometry from the Isaac Newton telescope and intermediate resolution spectroscopy from the Gemini North telescope to identify and characterise low-mass (0.15<M/M_sun<1.3) pre-main sequence stars in the young open cluster NGC 2169. Isochrone fitting to the high- and low-mass populations yields an intrinsic distance modulus of 10.13{+0.06}{-0.09} mag and a model-dependent age of 9+/-2 Myr. Compared with the nearby, kinematically defined groups of a similar age, NGC 2169 has a large low-mass population which potentially offers a more precise statistical investigation of several aspects of star formation and early stellar evolution. By modelling the distribution of low-mass stars in the I_C versus R_C-I_C diagram we find that any age spread among cluster members has a Gaussian full width at half maximum <=2.5 Myr. A young age and small age spread (<10 Myr) are supported by the lack of significant lithium depletion in the vast majority of cluster members. There is no clear evidence for accretion or warm circumstellar dust in the low-mass members of NGC 2169, bolstering the idea that strong accretion has ceased and inner discs have dispersed in almost all low-mass stars by ages of 10 Myr.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society ©: 2007 The Authors. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Uncontrolled Keywords: stars, pre-main sequence, abundances, late-type, open clusters and associations, individual, NGC 2169
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy > QB460 Astrophysics
Divisions: Faculty of Natural Sciences > School of Physical and Geographical Sciences
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 19 May 2015 09:03
Last Modified: 06 Nov 2017 12:17
URI: http://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/525

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