Williams, HL and Bodner, GE (2018) Independent Recollection-Familiarity Ratings: Similar Effects of Levels-of-Processing Whether Amount or Confidence is Rated. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology. ISSN 1878-7290 (In Press)

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Abstract

Independent recollection-familiarity (RF) ratings are sometimes collected to measure subjective experiences of recollection and familiarity during recognition. Although the RF ratings task purports to measure the ‘degree’ to which each recognition state is experienced, the rating scale has been worded in terms of confidence rather than amount. Given prior evidence that wording influences recognition and remember/know judgments, we compared RF rating scales worded in terms of ‘amount’ versus ‘confidence’ across two groups. A robust levels-of-processing effect occurred on both recollection and familiarity ratings, and its magnitude was similar across scale wording. Scale wording did not influence recognition ratings, and, most importantly, it had little influence on ratings of recollection and familiarity. These findings suggest that participants may use confidence to rate amount, or vice versa. Regardless, researchers should align their task instructions and scale wording, and should publish them. Such alignment and transparency is crucial for interpreting measures of the memory states that arise during recognition memory.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the accepted author manuscript (AAM). The final published version (version of record) will be available online via Canadian Psychological Association/American Psychological Association at https://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/cep/index.aspx - please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.
Uncontrolled Keywords: recollection, familiarity, recollection-familiarity ratings, recognition memory
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Natural Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 05 Nov 2018 11:14
Last Modified: 05 Nov 2018 11:19
URI: http://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/5473

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