Martin, G, Sperrin, M, Ludman, P, de Belder, M, Gunning, M, Townend, J, Redwood, S, Kadam, U, Buchan, I and Mamas, M ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9241-8890 (2018) Do frailty measures improve prediction of mortality and morbidity following transcatheter aortic valve implantation? An analysis of the UK TAVI registry. Cardiovascular Medicine.

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Abstract

Objectives
Previous studies indicate frailty to be associated with poor outcomes following transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI), but there is limited evidence from multicentre registries. The aim was to investigate the independent association of frailty with TAVI outcomes, and the prognostic utility of adding frailty into existing clinical prediction models (CPMs).

Design
The UK TAVI registry incorporated three frailty measures since 2013: Canadian Study of Health and Ageing, KATZ and poor mobility. We investigated the associations between these frailty measures with short-term and long-term outcomes, using logistic regression to estimate multivariable adjusted ORs, and Cox proportional hazards models to explore long-term survival. We compared the predictive performance of existing TAVI CPMs before and after updating them to include each frailty measure.

Setting
All patients who underwent a TAVI procedure in England or Wales between 2013 and 2014.

Participants
2624 TAVI procedures were analysed in this study.

Primary and secondary outcomes
The primary endpoints in this study were 30-day mortality and long-term survival. The Valve Academic Research Consortium (VARC)-2 composite early safety endpoint was considered as a secondary outcome.

Results
KATZ <6 (OR 2.10, 95% CI 1.39 to 3.15) and poor mobility (OR 2.15, 95% CI 1.41 to 3.28) predicted 30-day mortality after multivariable adjustment. All frailty measures were associated with increased odds of the VARC-2 composite early safety endpoint. We observed a significant increase in the area under the receiver operating characteristic curves by approximately 5% after adding KATZ <6 or poor mobility into the TAVI CPMs. Risk stratification agreement was significantly improved by the addition of each frailty measure, with an increase in intraclass correlation coefficient of between 0.15 and 0.31.

Conclusion
Frailty was associated with worse outcomes following TAVI, and incorporating frailty metrics significantly improved the predictive performance of existing CPMs. Physician-estimated frailty measures could aid TAVI risk stratification, until more objective scales are routinely collected.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an open access article available online at https://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/8/6/e022543.info
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC666 Diseases of the circulatory (Cardiovascular) system
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Primary Care Health Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 14 Nov 2018 13:12
Last Modified: 08 Mar 2019 14:27
URI: http://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/5507

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