Drizou, F, Bruce, TJA, Ray, RV and Graham, NS (2018) Infestation by Myzus persicae Increases Susceptibility of Brassica napus cv. "Canard" to Rhizoctonia solani AG 2-1. Frontiers in Plant Science, 9.

[img]
Preview
Text
fpls-09-01903.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (1MB) | Preview

Abstract

Activation of plant defense pathways can be influenced by the presence of different species of attacking organisms. Understanding the complicated interactions triggering plant defense mechanisms is of great interest as it may allow the development of more effective and sustainable disease control methods. Myzus persicae and Rhizoctonia solani anastomosis group (AG) 2-1 are two important organisms attacking oilseed rape (OSR), causing disease and reduced yields. At present, is unclear how these two interact with each other and with OSR defenses and therefore the aim of the present study was to gain a better insight into the indirect interaction between aphids and pathogen. In separate experiments, we assessed the effect of AG 2-1 infection on aphid performance, measured as growth rate and population increase and then the effect of aphid infestation on AG 2-1 by quantifying disease and the amount of fungal DNA in plant stems and compost for two OSR varieties, “Canard” and “Temple.” Additionally, we examined the expression of genes related to jasmonic acid (JA) and salicylic acid (SA) defense pathways. There was no significant effect of AG 2-1 infection on M. persicae performance. However, aphid infestation in one of the varieties, “Canard,” resulted in significantly increased disease symptoms caused by AG 2-1, although, the amount of fungal DNA was not significantly different between treatments. This meant that “Canard” plants had become more susceptible to the disease. Expression of LOX3 and MYC2 was elevated under AG 2-1 treatment but downregulated in plants with both aphids and pathogen. Therefore it seems plausible that alterations in the JA signaling due to aphid infestation resulted in the increased susceptibility to AG 2-1.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the final published version of the article (version of record). It first appeared online via Frontiers Media at http://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2018.01903 - please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.
Uncontrolled Keywords: biotic interactions, oilseed rape, plant signaling, pathogen, aphids
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history
S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Natural Sciences > School of Life Sciences
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 08 Jan 2019 16:23
Last Modified: 08 Jan 2019 16:25
URI: http://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/5649

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item