Maarabouni, MM and Hassan, AM and Williams, GT (2010) Inhibition of Human T-Cell Proliferation by mTOR antagonists requires Non-Coding RNA growth-arrest-specific transcript 5 (GAS5). Molecular Pharmacology, 1 (78). 19 - 28 (9). ISSN 1521-0111

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Eosinophils are characteristic participants in allergic inflammation. The intracellular signalling mechanisms involved in the migration of eosinophils to sites of allergic inflammation are poorly understood. Chemotactic responses of eosinophils to platelet-activating factor (PAF), but not eotaxin, have been demonstrated to be dependent upon the activation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) but the specific isoform of PI3K involved has not been identified. OBJECTIVE: To determine the roles of the leukocyte-specific PI3K gamma and PI3K delta isoforms of PI3K in PAF-induced chemotaxis of human eosinophils. METHODS: Chemotactic responses of the EoL-1 eosinophilic cell line and human peripheral blood eosinophils were measured. The effects of a PI3K gamma-selective inhibitor (5-[2,2-difluorobenzo(1,3)dioxol-5-ylmethylene]-thiazolidine-2,4-dione; AS604850) and gene knock-down of PI3K gamma and PI3K delta on chemotactic responses were determined. RESULTS: AS604850 caused a concentration-dependent suppression of chemotactic responses of EoL-1 cells and blood eosinophils to PAF but not eotaxin. Specific siRNAs reduced the expression of PI3K gamma and PI3K delta in EoL-1 cells. Knock-down of PI3K gamma by siRNA resulted in a 75% inhibition of the chemotactic response to PAF but had no effect on the response to eotaxin. Knock-down of endogenous PI3K delta by siRNA resulted in a 38% inhibition of the chemotactic response to PAF but had no effect on the response to eotaxin. CONCLUSION: PI3K gamma plays a major role in the induction of chemotaxis in PAF-stimulated eosinophils, while PI3K delta plays a lesser role. Interventions which reduce the activity The central importance of the serine/threonine protein kinase mTOR (mammalian Target of Rapamycin) in the control of cell growth and proliferation is well established. However, our knowledge both of the upstream pathways controlling mTOR activity and of the downstream events mediating these effects is still seriously incomplete. We report a previously unsuspected role for the nonprotein-coding RNA GAS5 in the inhibition of T-cell proliferation produced by mTOR antagonists such as rapamycin. GAS5 transcripts are up-regulated during growth arrest and after rapamycin treatment, and GAS5 has recently been shown to be necessary and sufficient for normal T-cell growth arrest. Down-regulation of GAS5 using RNA interference protects both leukemic and primary human T cells from the inhibition of proliferation produced by mTOR antagonists. The GAS5 transcript is a member of the 5' terminal oligopyrimidine class of RNAs, which is specifically controlled at the level of translation by the mTOR pathway, and the effects of GAS5 on the cell cycle provide a novel and important link to the control of proliferation. These observations point to a significant advance in our understanding of the mechanism of action of mTOR inhibitors, which is likely to lead to improvements in immunosuppressive and cancer therapy.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Institute for Science and Technology in Medicine
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 09 Jul 2015 15:41
Last Modified: 23 May 2016 09:34
URI: http://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/593

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