den Hartogh, JW, Eggenberger, P and Hirschi, R (2019) Constraining transport of angular momentum in stars Combining asteroseismic observations of core helium burning stars and white dwarfs. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 622. pp. 1-10.

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Abstract

Context
Transport of angular momentum has been a challenging topic within the stellar evolution community, even more since the recent asteroseismic surveys. All published studies on rotation using asteroseismic observations show a discrepancy between the observed and calculated rotation rates, indicating there is an undetermined process of angular momentum transport active in these stars.

Aims
We aim to constrain the efficiency of this process by investigating rotation rates of 2.5 M-circle dot stars.

Methods
First, we investigated whether the Tayler-Spruit dynamo could be responsible for the extra transport of angular momentum for stars with an initial mass of 2.5 M-circle dot. Then, by computing rotating models including a constant additional artificial viscosity, we determined the efficiency of the missing process of angular momentum transport by comparing the models to the asteroseismic observations of core helium burning stars. Parameter studies were performed to investigate the effect of the stellar evolution code used, initial mass, and evolutionary stage. We evolved our models into the white dwarf phase, and provide a comparison to white dwarf rotation rates.

Results
The Tayler-Spruit dynamo is unable to provide enough transport of angular momentum to reach the observed values of the core helium burning stars investigated in this paper. We find that a value for the additional artificial viscosity nu(add) around 10(7) cm(2) s(-1) provides enough transport of angular momentum. However, the rotational period of these models is too high in the white dwarf phase to match the white dwarf observations. From this comparison we infer that the efficiency of the missing process must decrease during the core helium burning phase. When excluding the nu(add) during core helium burning phase, we can match the rotational periods of both the core helium burning stars and white dwarfs.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the final published version of the article (version of record). It first appeared online via EDP Sciences at http://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201834330 - please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.
Divisions: Faculty of Natural Sciences > School of Chemical and Physical Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2019 12:20
Last Modified: 07 Mar 2019 12:21
URI: http://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/6018

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