Li, W-Y, Yu, H-M, Xu, J, Halama, R ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9770-6784, Bell, K, Nan, X-Y and Huang, F (2019) Barium isotopic composition of the mantle: Constraints from carbonatites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta.

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Abstract

To investigate the behaviour of Ba isotopes during carbonatite petrogenesis and to explore the possibility of using carbonatites to constrain the Ba isotopic composition of the mantle, we report high-precision Ba isotopic analyses of: (1) carbonatites and associated silicate rocks from the only active carbonatite volcano, Oldoinyo Lengai, Tanzania, and (2) Archean to Cenozoic carbonatites from Canada, East Africa, Germany and Greenland. Carbonatites and associated phonolites and nephelinites from Oldoinyo Lengai have similar δ137/134 Ba values that range from +0.01 to +0.03‰, indicating that Ba isotope fractionation during carbonatite petrogenesis is negligible. The limited variation in δ137/134 Ba values from −0.03 to +0.09‰ for most carbonatite samples suggests that their mantle sources have a relatively homogeneous Ba isotopic composition. Based on the carbonatites investigated in this work, the average δ137/134 Ba value of their mantle sources is estimated to be +0.04 ± 0.06‰ (2SD, n = 16), which is similar to the average value of +0.05 ± 0.06‰ for mid-ocean ridge basalts. The lower δ137/134 Ba value of −0.08‰ in a Canadian sample and higher δ137/134 Ba values of +0.14‰ and +0.23‰ in two Greenland samples suggest local mantle isotopic heterogeneity that may reflect the incorporation of recycled crustal materials in their sources.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the accepted author manuscript (AAM). The final published version (version of record) is available online via Elsevier at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2019.06.041 - please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.
Uncontrolled Keywords: barium isotopes, carbonatites, mantle geochemistry, crustal recycling
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Q Science > QE Geology
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 24 Jun 2019 13:40
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2019 08:30
URI: http://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/6528

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