den Hartogh, JW, Hirschi, R, Lugaro, M, Doherty, CL, Battino, U, Herwig, F, Pignatari, M and Eggenberger, P (2019) The s process in rotating low-mass AGB stars - Nucleosynthesis calculations in models matching asteroseismic constraints. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 629. A123 -A123.

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Abstract

Aims
We investigate the s-process during the AGB phase of stellar models whose cores are enforced to rotate at rates consistent with asteroseismology observations of their progenitors and successors.

Methods
We calculated new 2 M⊙, Z = 0.01 models, rotating at 0, 125, and 250 km s−1 at the start of main sequence. An artificial, additional viscosity was added to enhance the transport of angular momentum in order to reduce the core rotation rates to be in agreement with asteroseismology observations. We compared rotation rates of our models with observed rotation rates during the MS up to the end of core He burning, and the white dwarf phase.

Results
We present nucleosynthesis calculations for these rotating AGB models that were enforced to match the asteroseismic constraints on rotation rates of MS, RGB, He-burning, and WD stars. In particular, we calculated one model that matches the upper limit of observed rotation rates of core He-burning stars and we also included a model that rotates one order of magnitude faster than the upper limit of the observations. The s-process production in both of these models is comparable to that of non-rotating models.

Conclusions
Slowing down the core rotation rate in stars to match the above mentioned asteroseismic constraints reduces the rotationally induced mixing processes to the point that they have no effect on the s-process nucleosynthesis. This result is independent of the initial rotation rate of the stellar evolution model. However, there are uncertainties remaining in the treatment of rotation in stellar evolution, which need to be reduced in order to confirm our conclusions, including the physical nature of our approach to reduce the core rotation rates of our models, and magnetic processes.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the final published version of the article (version of record). It first appeared online via EDP Sciences at https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201935476 - please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy > QB799 Stars
Divisions: Faculty of Natural Sciences > School of Chemical and Physical Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 02 Oct 2019 08:46
Last Modified: 02 Oct 2019 08:46
URI: http://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/6919

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