Doyle, AP, Davies, GR, Smalley, B ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3456-087X, Chaplin, WJ and Elsworth, Y (2014) Determining stellar macroturbulence using asteroseismic rotational velocities from Kepler. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 444 (4). 3592 -3602.

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Abstract

The Rossiter–McLaughlin effect observed for transiting exoplanets often requires prior knowledge of the stellar projected equatorial rotational velocity (v sin i). This is usually provided by measuring the broadening of spectral lines, however this method has uncertainties as lines are also broadened by velocity fields in the stellar photosphere known as macroturbulence (vmac). We have estimated accurate v sin i values from asteroseismic analyses of main-sequence stars observed by Kepler. The rotational frequency splittings of the detected solar-like oscillations of these stars are determined largely by the near-surface rotation. These estimates have been used to infer the vmac values for 28 Kepler stars. Out of this sample, 26 stars were used along with the Sun to obtain a new calibration between vmac, effective temperature and surface gravity. The new calibration is valid for the temperature range 5200 to 6400 K and the gravity range 4.0 to 4.6 dex. A comparison is also provided with previous vmac calibrations. As a result of this work, vmac, and thus v sin i, can now be determined with confidence for stars that do not have asteroseismic data available. We present new spectroscopic v sin i values for the WASP planet host stars, using high-resolution HARPS spectra.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society © 2014 The Authors. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Uncontrolled Keywords: asteroseismology, line: profiles, planets and satellites: fundamental parameters, stars: rotation
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Faculty of Natural Sciences > School of Physical and Geographical Sciences
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 14 Jul 2015 13:11
Last Modified: 15 May 2019 14:06
URI: http://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/716

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