Hirschi, R (2007) Very low metallicity massive star models: Pre-SN evolution and primary nitrogen production. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 461 (2). ISSN 0004-6361

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Abstract

Two series of models were computed. The first series consists of 20 solar mass models with varying initial metallicity (Z=0.02 down to Z=10^{-8}) and rotation (V_{ini}=0-600 km/s). The second one consists of models with an initial metallicity of Z=10^{-8}, masses between 9 and 85 solar masses and fast initial rotation velocities (V_{ini}=600-800 km/s). The most interesting models are the models with Z=10^{-8} ([Fe/H]~-6.6). In the course of helium burning, carbon and oxygen are mixed into the hydrogen burning shell. This boosts the importance of the shell and causes a reduction of the CO core mass. Later in the evolution, the hydrogen shell deepens and produces large amount of primary nitrogen. For the most massive models (M>~60 solar masses), significant mass loss occurs during the red supergiant stage. This mass loss is due to the surface enrichment in CNO elements via rotational and convective mixing. The 85 solar mass model ends up as a WO type Wolf-Rayet star. Therefore the models predict SNe of type Ic and possibly long and soft GRBs at very low metallicities. The rotating 20 solar mass models can best reproduce the observed CNO abundances at the surface of extremely metal poor (EMP) stars and the metallicity trends when their angular momentum content is the same as at solar metallicity (and therefore have an increasing surface velocity with decreasing metallicity). The wind of the massive star models can also reproduce the CNO abundances of the most metal-poor carbon-rich star known to date, HE1327-2326.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ©EDP Sciences
Uncontrolled Keywords: Main sequence stars, Stellar evolution, Binary stars, Star formation, Angular momentum
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Faculty of Natural Sciences > School of Computing and Maths
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 15 Jul 2015 14:47
Last Modified: 26 May 2016 08:05
URI: http://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/741

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