Chaturvedi, HK, Bajpai, RC ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1227-2703 and Tiwari, P (2020) Determination of cut-off and correlates of delay in treatment-seeking of febrile illness: a retrospective analysis. BMC Public Health, 20 (1).

[img]
Preview
Text
s12889-020-08660-2.pdf - Published Version

Download (1MB) | Preview

Abstract

Background
Early diagnosis and treatment of malaria symptoms reduces the risk of severe complication and malaria transmission. However, delay in malaria diagnosis and treatment is a major public health problem in India. The primary aim of the study was to determine cut-off for the delay in seeking treatment of fever, and the secondary aim was to identify the factors associated with delay in malaria-endemic areas of Assam, Northeast India.

Methods
The present study analysed data from two prior cross-sectional surveys (community- and hospital-based) that was conducted to study the health-seeking behaviour of people residing in high malaria-endemic areas of Assam, Northeast India. The hospital-based survey data were used to determine optimal cut-off for the delay in reporting, and further, used to identify the factors associated with delay using community-based data.

Results
Mean age of fever cases was similar in both community- and hospital-based surveys (23.1 years vs 24.2 years, p = 0.229). Delay in reporting fever was significantly higher among hospital inpatients compared to community-based fever cases (3.6 ± 2.1 vs 4.0 ± 2.6 days; p = 0.006). Delay of > 2 days showed higher predictive ability (sensitivity: 96.4%, and ROC area: 67.5%) compared to other cut-off values (> 3, > 4, and > 5 days). Multivariable logistic regression analysis revealed that the adjusted odds ratio (aOR) of delay was significantly higher for people living in rural areas (1.52, 95%CI: 1.11–2.09), distance (> 5 km) to health facility (1.93, 95%CI: 1.44–2.61), engaged in agriculture work (2.58, 95%CI: 1.97–3.37), and interaction effect of adult male aged 20–40 years (1.71, 95%CI: 1.06–2.75).

Conclusion
The delay (> 2 days) in seeking treatment was likely to be twice among those who live in rural areas and travel > 5 km to assess health care facility. The findings of the study are useful in designing effective intervention programmes for early treatment of febrile illness to control malaria.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated in a credit line to the data.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Delay in reporting; Febrile illness; Malaria; Cut-off for the delay; Northeast India
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Primary, Community and Social Care
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 07 May 2020 15:54
Last Modified: 29 May 2020 10:01
URI: http://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/7941

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item