Chatterton, BD and Muller, S and Roddy, E (2015) Epidemiology of posterior heel pain in the general population: cross-sectional findings from the clinical assessment study of the foot. Arthritis Care & Research (Hoboken), 67 (7). 996 - 1003. ISSN 2151-4658

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To identify the population prevalence of posterior heel pain (HP), related disability, and associated factors. METHODS: A total of 9,334 adults ages ≥50 years were mailed a questionnaire. Participants reporting foot pain in the last month shaded the foot pain location on a manikin. The Manchester Foot Pain and Disability Index assessed disabling foot pain. Population prevalence of any, bilateral, and disabling posterior HP was estimated using weighted logistic regression accounting for nonresponse. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were calculated between posterior HP and age, sex, neighborhood deprivation, occupational class (professional, intermediate, and manual), body mass index (BMI, kg/m(2) ), physical activity, heel height, and diabetes mellitus. RESULTS: A total of 5,109 questionnaires were received (adjusted response 56%). Six hundred seventy-five respondents (13%) reported posterior HP, of whom 382 had bilateral symptoms. A total of 398 (8%) reported disabling posterior HP. Posterior HP in either foot was associated with increasing BMI (25.0-29.9 [OR 1.58], 30.0-34.9 [OR 2.13], and ≥35.0 [OR 4.09]) and with manual occupations (OR 1.96, 95% CI 1.47-2.62). Bilateral posterior HP was associated with increasing BMI (25.0-29.9 [OR 1.79], 30.0-34.9 [OR 2.43], and ≥35.0 [OR 5.79]), diabetes mellitus (OR 1.48, 95% CI 1.07-2.05), and manual occupations (OR 2.21, 95% CI 1.48-3.30). Disabling posterior HP was associated with increasing BMI (25.0-29.9 [OR 1.44], 30.0-34.9 [OR 2.50], and ≥35.0 [OR 4.69]), age (≥75 years OR 1.41, 95% CI 1.01-1.96), manual occupations (OR 1.97, 95% CI 1.35-2.88), and diabetes mellitus (OR 1.56, 95% CI 1.04-1.95). High physical activity was negatively associated with posterior HP in either heel (OR 0.43, 95% CI 0.33-0.56), bilateral posterior HP (OR 0.35, 95% CI 0.25-0.49), and disabling posterior HP (OR 0.33, 95% CI 0.23-0.46). CONCLUSION: Posterior HP is prevalent and associated with obesity, manual occupations, and physical inactivity. Prospective studies should assess the roles of obesity in causation and weight loss in treatment.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Primary Care Health Sciences
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 17 Aug 2015 13:49
Last Modified: 28 Jul 2017 13:10
URI: http://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/813

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