Morsø, L, Olsen Rose, K, Schiøttz‐Christensen, B, Sowden, GH ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0765-0551, Søndergaard, J and Christiansen, DH (2021) Effectiveness of stratified treatment for back pain in Danish primary care: A randomized controlled trial. European Journal of Pain, 25 (9). pp. 2020-2038.

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Abstract

Background A randomized controlled trial (RCT) of stratified care demonstrated superior clinical outcomes and cost-effectiveness for low back pain (LBP) patients in UK primary care. This is the first study in Europe, outside of the original UK study, to investigate the clinical efficacy and cost-effectiveness of stratified care compared with current practice for patients with non-specific LBP. Methods The study was a two-armed RCT. Danish primary care patients with LBP were randomized to stratified care (n = 169) or current practice (n = 164). Primary outcomes at 3- and 12-months' follow-up were Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire (RDMQ), patient-reported global change and time off work. Secondary outcomes included pain intensity, patient satisfaction, healthcare resource utilization and quality-adjusted life years. Results Intention-to-treat analyses found no between-group difference in RMDQ scores at 3 months (0.5, 95% CI −1.8 to 0.9) or 12 months (0.4, −2.1 to 1.3). No overall differences were found between the arms at 3 and 12 months with respect to time off work or secondary outcomes. Stratified care intervention resulted in significantly fewer treatment sessions (3.5 [SD 3.1] vs. 4.5 [3.5]) and significantly lower total healthcare costs (€) (13.4 [529] vs. 228 [830], p = .002). There was no difference in cost-effectiveness (0.09, 0.05 to 0.13 vs. 0.10, 0.07–0.14, p = .70). Conclusions There was no significant difference in clinical outcomes between patients with non-specific LBP receiving stratified care and those receiving current practice. However, stratified care may reduce total healthcare costs if implemented in Danish primary care. Significance Stratified care for low back pain based on risk profile is recommended by recent evidence based clinical guidelines. This study is the first broad replication of the STarT Back Trial in Europe. Therefore, the study adds to the body of knowledge evaluating the effectiveness of stratified care for low back pain in primary care, and provides insight into the effects of stratification on clinical practice.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes. © 2021 The Authors. European Journal of Pain published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of European Pain Federation - EFIC ®
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Medicine
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 08 Oct 2021 09:16
Last Modified: 08 Oct 2021 09:16
URI: https://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/10104

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