Thompson, R, Paskins, Z ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7783-2986, Main, BG, Pope, TM, Chan, ECY, Moulton, BW, Barry, MJ and Braddock, CH (2021) Addressing Conflicts of Interest in Health and Medicine: Current Evidence and Implications for Patient Decision Aid Development. Medical Decision Making, 41 (7). 768 -779.

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: More stringent policies for addressing conflicts of interest have been implemented around the world in recent years. Considering the value of revisiting conflict of interest quality standards set by the International Patient Decision Aid Standards (IPDAS) Collaboration, we sought to review evidence relevant to 2 questions: 1) What are the effects of different strategies for managing conflicts of interest? and 2) What are patients' perspectives on conflicts of interest? METHODS: We conducted a narrative review of English-language articles and abstracts from 2010 to 2019 that reported relevant quantitative or qualitative research. RESULTS: Of 1743 articles and 118 abstracts identified, 41 articles and 2 abstracts were included. Most evidence on the effects of conflict of interest management strategies pertained only to subsequent compliance with the management strategy. This evidence highlighted substantial noncompliance with prevailing requirements. Evidence on patient perspectives on conflicts of interest offered several insights, including the existence of diverse views on the acceptability of conflicts of interest, the salience of conflict of interest type and monetary value to patients, and the possibility that conflict of interest disclosure could have unintended effects. We identified no published research on the effects of IPDAS Collaboration conflict of interest quality standards on patient decision making or outcomes. LIMITATIONS: Because we did not conduct a systematic review, we may have missed some evidence relevant to our review questions. In addition, our team did not include patient partners. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this review have implications for the management of conflicts of interest not only in patient decision aid development but also in clinical practice guideline development, health and medical research reporting, and health care delivery.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the accepted author manuscript (AAM). The final published version (version of record) is available online via Sage Publications at http://doi.org/10.1177/0272989X211008881 - please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.
Uncontrolled Keywords: clinical practice guidelines, competing interests, conflict of interest, patient decision aids, patient perspectives
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
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Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 21 Oct 2021 12:22
Last Modified: 21 Oct 2021 12:23
URI: https://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/10169

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