Lucas, D ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6309-8808 and Yasuda, T ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8412-7292 (2022) Stabilisation of exact coherent structures in two-dimensional turbulence using time-delayed feedback. Physical Review Fluids, 7 (1).

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Abstract

Time-delayed feedback control, attributed to Pyragas (1992 Physics Letters 170(6) 421-428), is a method known to stabilise periodic orbits in low dimensional chaotic dynamical systems. A system of the form $\dot{\mathbf{x}}(t)=f(\mathbf{x})$ has an additional term $G(\mathbf{x}(t)-\mathbf{x}(t-T))$ introduced where $G$ is some `gain matrix' and $T$ a time delay. The form of the delay term is such that it will vanish for any orbit of period $T,$ therefore making it also an orbit of the uncontrolled system. This non-invasive feature makes the method attractive for stabilising exact coherent structures in fluid turbulence. Here we begin by validating the method for the basic flow in Kolmogorov flow; a two-dimensional incompressible Navier-Stokes flow with a sinusoidal body force. The linear predictions for stabilisation are well captured by direct numerical simulation. By applying an adaptive method to adjust the streamwise translation of the delay, a known travelling wave solution is able to be stabilised up to relatively high Reynolds number. We discover that the famous `odd-number' limitation of this time-delayed feedback method can be overcome in the fluid problem by using the symmetries of the system. This leads to the discovery of 8 additional exact coherent structures which can be stabilised with this approach. This means that certain unstable exact coherent structures can be obtained by simply time-stepping a modified set of equations, thus circumventing the usual convergence algorithms.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The final version of this accepted manuscript and all relevant information related to it, including copyrights, can be found on the publisher website at; 10.1103/PhysRevFluids.7.014401
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QA Mathematics
Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA76 Computer software
T Technology > T Technology (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Natural Sciences > School of Computing and Mathematics
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 25 Jan 2022 16:38
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2022 16:38
URI: https://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/10523

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