Doolub, G, Kobo, O, Mohamed, MO ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9678-5222, Ullah, W, Chadi Alraies, M, Velagapudi, P, Matula, JS, Roguin, A, Bagur, R ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1888-9429 and Mamas, MA ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9241-8890 (2022) Outcomes of Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Patients With Acquired Immunosuppression. The American Journal of Cardiology.

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Abstract

There are limited data on the clinical outcomes of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with acquired immunosuppression who are frequently underrepresented in clinical trials. All PCI procedures between October 2015 and December 2018 in the Nationwide Inpatient Sample were retrospectively analyzed, stratified by immunosuppression status. Multivariable logistic regression models were performed to examine (1) the association between immunosuppression status and in-hospital outcomes, expressed as adjusted odds ratio (aOR) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) and (2) predictors of mortality among patients with severe acquired immunosuppression. In this contemporary analysis of nearly 1.5 million PCI procedures, approximately 4% of patients who underwent PCI had acquired immunosuppression. Of these, chronic steroid use accounted for approximately half of the cohort who underwent PCI who had acquired immunosuppression, with the remainder divided between hematologic cancer, solid organ active malignancy, and metastatic cancer, with the latter group having the highest rates of composite of in-hospital mortality or stroke (9.3%) (mortality 7.5% and acute ischemic stroke 2.4%). In conclusion, immunosuppression was independently associated with increased adjusted odds of adverse clinical outcomes, specifically mortality or stroke (aOR 1.11, 95% CI 1.06 to 1.15, p <0.001) and in-hospital mortality (aOR 1.21, 95% CI 1.13 to 1.29, p <0.001), with outcomes dependent on the cause of immunosuppression.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The final version of this accepted article and all relevant information related to it, including copyrights, can be found on the publisher website.
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > R Medicine (General) > R735 Medical education. Medical schools. Research
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC666 Diseases of the circulatory (Cardiovascular) system
R Medicine > RD Surgery
R Medicine > RD Surgery > RD32 Operative surgery. Technique of surgical operations
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 25 Mar 2022 12:11
Last Modified: 25 Mar 2022 12:11
URI: https://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/10764

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