Ripepi, V, Chemin, L, Molinaro, R, Cioni, M-RL, Bekki, K, Clementini, G, de Grijs, R, De Somma, G, El Youssoufi, D, Girardi, L, Groenewegen, MAT, Ivanov, V, Marconi, M, McMillan, PJ and van Loon, JT ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1272-3017 (2022) The VMC survey – XLVIII. Classical cepheids unveil the 3D geometry of the LMC. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 512 (1). 563 - 582.

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Abstract

We employed the VISTA near-infrared YJK(s) survey of the Magellanic System (VMC) to analyse the Y, J, and K-s light curves of delta Cepheid stars (DCEPs) in the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC). Our sample consists of 4408 objects accounting for 97 per cent of the combined list of OGLE IV and Gaia DR2 DCEPs. We determined a variety of period-luminosity (PL) and period-Wesenheit PW relationships for Fundamental (F) and First Overtone (1O) pulsators. We discovered for the first time a break in these relationships for 1O DCEPs at P = 0.58 d. We derived relative individual distances for DCEPs in the LMC with a precision of similar to 1 kpc, calculating the position angle of the line of nodes and inclination of the galaxy: theta = 145.6 +/- 1.0 deg and i = 25.7 +/- 0.4 deg. The bar and the disc are seen under different viewing angles. We calculated the ages of the pulsators, finding two main episodes of DCEP formation lasting similar to 40 Myr which happened 93 and 159 Myr ago. Likely as a result of its past interactions with the SMC, the LMC shows a non-planar distribution, with considerable structuring: the bar is divided into two distinct portions, the eastern and the western displaced by more than 1 kpc from each other. Similar behaviour is shown by the spiral arms. The LMC disc appears 'flared' and thick, with a disc scale height of h similar to 0.97 kpc. This feature can be explained by strong tidal interactions with the Milky Way and/or the Small Magellanic Cloud or past merging events with now disrupted LMC satellites.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The final version of this article and all relevant information related to it, including copyrights, can be found on the publisher website.
Uncontrolled Keywords: stars: distances; stars: variables: Cepheids; Magellanic Clouds; galaxies: photometry; galaxies: stellar content; galaxies: structure
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QB Astronomy > QB460 Astrophysics
Q Science > QB Astronomy > QB600 Planets. Planetology
Q Science > QB Astronomy > QB799 Stars
Divisions: Faculty of Natural Sciences > School of Chemical and Physical Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 14 Apr 2022 07:44
Last Modified: 29 Apr 2022 14:45
URI: https://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/10838

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