Kwok, CS, Darlington, D, Mayer, J, Panchal, G, Walker, V, Zachariah, D, Phan, T, Mallen, CD ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2677-1028, Barker, D and Patwala, A (2022) A Review of the Wide Range of Indications and Uses of Implantable Loop Recorders: A Review of the Literature. Hearts.

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Abstract

<jats:p>Implantable loop recorders (ILR) are devices that are implanted subcutaneously on the chest, which enables the continuous monitoring of arrhythmias for up to three years. These devices have an important role in helping to make a diagnosis and supporting decisions about the best patient management. There are currently three companies that produce ILRs. The Reveal DX and XT device is produced by Medtronic. The Confirm device is produced by Abbott. The Biomonitor III device is produced by Biotronik. The established indications for ILR include the management of transient loss of consciousness and the diagnosis of undocumented palpitations; however, they are also used for less established applications, including atrial fibrillation (AF) monitoring and risk stratification in patients with previous myocardial infarction or inherited cardiomyopathies. There is also diverse literature exploring the use of these devices in other populations, including patients with conditions such as congenital heart disease, amyloidosis, stroke, obstructive sleep apnea, renal transplant and patients who undergo procedures such as AF ablation and coronary artery bypass graft. In this review, we describe how the use of ILR has been applied in different settings, including patients with cardiac and non-cardiac conditions as well as post-cardiac procedures. We then discuss the potential issues related to using ILR in these other indications.</jats:p>

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license
Uncontrolled Keywords: implantable loop recorder, arrhythmia, atrial fibrillation
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Primary Care Health Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 04 May 2022 13:50
Last Modified: 04 May 2022 13:50
URI: https://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/10854

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