Choplin, A, Goriely, S, Hirschi, R ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8764-6522, Tominaga, N and Meynet, G (2022) The p-process in exploding rotating massive stars. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 661 (A86). A86 - A86.

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Abstract

Context. The p-process nucleosynthesis can explain proton-rich isotopes that are heavier than iron, which are observed in the Solar System, but discrepancies still persist (e.g. for the Mo and Ru p-isotopes), and some important questions concerning the astrophysical site(s) of the p-process remain unanswered.

Aims. We investigate how the p-process operates in exploding rotating massive stars that have experienced an enhanced s-process nucleosynthesis during their life through rotational mixing.

Methods. With the Geneva stellar evolution code, we computed 25 M-circle dot stellar models at a metallicity of Z = 10(-3) with different initial rotation velocities and rates for the still largely uncertain O-17(alpha,gamma)Ne-21 reaction. The nucleosynthesis calculation, followed with a network of 737 isotopes, was coupled to stellar evolution, and the p-process nucleosynthesis was calculated in post-processing during both the final evolutionary stages and spherical explosions of various energies. The explosions were modelled with a relativistic hydrodynamical code.

Results. In our models, the p-nuclides are mainly synthesized during the explosion, but not much during the ultimate hydrostatic burning stages. The p-process yields mostly depend on the initial number of trans-iron seeds, which in turn depend on the initial rotation rate. We found that the impact of rotation on the p-process is comparable to the impact of rotation on the s-process. From no to fast rotation, the s-process yields of nuclides with mass number A < 140 increase by 3-4 dex, and so do the p-process yields. Fast rotation with a lower O-17(alpha, gamma) rate significantly produces s- and p-nuclides with A >= 140. The dependence of the p-process yields on the explosion energy is very weak.

Conclusions. Our results suggest that the contribution of core-collapse supernovae from massive stars to the solar (and Galactic) p-nuclei has been underestimated in the past, and more specifically, that the contribution from massive stars with sub-solar metallicities may even dominate. A more detailed study including stellar models with a wide range of masses and metallicities remains to be performed, together with a quantitative analysis that is based on the chemical evolution of the Galaxy.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The final version of this article and all relevant information related to it, including copyrights, can be found on the publisher website.
Uncontrolled Keywords: stars: massive / stars: rotation / stars: interiors / stars: abundances / nuclear reactions, nucleosynthesis, abundances
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QB Astronomy > QB460 Astrophysics
Q Science > QB Astronomy > QB799 Stars
Divisions: Faculty of Natural Sciences > School of Chemical and Physical Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 25 May 2022 08:17
Last Modified: 15 Jun 2022 13:21
URI: https://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/10952

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