Yu, D ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8449-7725, Cai, Y, Levi Osuagwu, U, Pickering, K, Baker, J, Cutfield, R, McKree Jansen, R, Orr-Walker, BJ, Sundborn, G, Zhao, Z and Simmons, D (2022) TITLE: Ethnic differences in metabolic achievement between Māori, Pacific, and European New Zealanders with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice. 109910 - 109910.

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Abstract

Aims To compare variations in metabolic target achievement by ethnicity (Europeans, Māori and Pasifika) among patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in Auckland, New Zealand (NZ) between 1994-2013. Methods 32,237 patients were enrolled. Adjusted marginal difference (European as reference) of systolic blood pressure (SBP), body mass index (BMI), HbA1c and total cholesterol, alongside the proportion achieving metabolic targets were estimated using multivariable mixed effect models at baseline, 1-, 2-, 3-, 4-, and 5-years, adjusted for covariates. Results Compared with Europeans, Māori and Pasifika had continuously, significantly higher HbA1c (by 0.3% (+3.5mmol/mol) and 0.6% (+6.8 mmol/mol) respectively and BMI (+1.5 and +0.3 kg/m2 respectively) but lower SBP (-1.8 and -3.4 mmHg respectively) and TG (-0.03 and -0.34 mmol/L respectively), and insignificantly TC (+0.004 and +0.01 respectively), by 5-year of follow-up. While 49% Europeans were within target HbA1c, this was achieved by only 30% Māori and 27% Pasifika. Conversely, 41% Europeans, 46% Māori and 59% Pasifika achieved the SBP target (all P<0.0001). Conclusions Managing hyperglycemia appears to be more challenging than treating hypertension and dyslipidemia in these ethnic groups. New anti-hyperglycemia treatments, addressing health literacy, socioeconomic and any cultural barriers to management and self-management are urgently needed to reduce these disparities.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The final version of this article and all relevant information related to it, including copyrights, can be found on the publisher website.
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC660 Diabetes
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Medicine
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 15 Jun 2022 09:47
Last Modified: 15 Jun 2022 09:47
URI: https://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/11034

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