Yu, D ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8449-7725, Jordan, KP ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4748-5335, Bailey, J, Peat, G ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9008-0184 and Wilkie, R ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4825-714X (2021) Modelling the population distribution of patient-reported outcomes using electronic health records: a UK study. In: IEA WORLD CONGRESS OF EPIDEMIOLOGY 2021.

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Abstract

Background Patient Reported Outcome Measures (PROM) collected in surveys allow understanding of the health at the population-level. We aimed to test the feasibility of estimating health status as measured by PROMs through ecological prediction models which use local linked survey and primary care electronic health records (EHR) and applying the models to national EHR. Methods 3,710 musculoskeletal consulters registered in 11 general practiced in North Staffordshire, UK and consented the linkage of their survey PROM (high impact pain, (HICP)) with EHR were included in this study. HICP was modelled by EHR predictors covering demographic, lifestyle risk factors, musculoskeletal diagnostic/problems, analgesic prescriptions, comorbidities, and deprivation. Final set of predictors were selected through backward elimination (p > 0.1). Individual-level prediction models (binary logistic regression) were fitted and evaluated in terms of model fit statistics (AIC, BIC, R-square), discrimination (C-statistics) and calibration-slope with internal validation. The final model was cross-mapped to a national UK primary EHR database (Clinical Practice Research Database) to obtain national population estimates of high impact pain. Results The C-statistics and calibration-slope of the final model was 0.77 (95% confidence interval: 0.70-0.79) and 1.00 (0.92-1.08), respectively. The estimated HICP was 51.2% overall among 49,788 UK musculoskeletal consulters and matched hypothesised variation by gender, age, deprivation and geographical regions. Conclusions Estimation of population-level health status as measured by PROM using EHR appears feasible and has potential application in assessing health inequalities. Further independent external validation studies are warranted.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Additional Information: © The Author(s) 2021; all rights reserved. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the International Epidemiological Association This article is published and distributed under the terms of the Oxford University Press, Standard Journals Publication Model (https://academic.oup.com/journals/pages/open_access/funder_policies/chorus/standard_publication_model)
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
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Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 15 Jun 2022 09:58
Last Modified: 15 Jun 2022 09:58
URI: https://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/11035

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