Doyle, E, Dimmock, MR ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2737-7946, Lee, KL, Thomas, P and Bassed, RB (2022) Typical median effective radiation doses using an anthropomorphic bone fracture phantom for initial radiographic skeletal surveys in the investigation of suspected physical abuse. Pediatric Radiology.

[img]
Preview
Text
s00247-022-05456-x.pdf - Published Version

Download (1MB) | Preview

Abstract

BACKGROUND: A series of 31 radiographs is recommended by the Royal College of Radiologists (RCR) when investigating suspected physical abuse (SPA). OBJECTIVE: To determine the radiation dose delivered for skeletal surveys performed for SPA in Victorian radiology departments based on their local protocols. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 5-year-old paediatric bone fracture phantom was radiographed at five radiology sites using both the RCR recommended protocol and, where applicable, the local departmental SPA protocol. The radiation doses were measured and recorded. These were scaled down to estimate the effective radiation doses for a 2-year-old child at each site and the associated radiation risks estimated. RESULTS: The median effective dose for all radiographic projections in the RCR skeletal survey radiographic series was 0.09 mSv. The estimated risk of radiation-induced cancer and radiation-induced death from cancer for 2-year-old children is classified as "very low," with girls having a higher risk than boys. CONCLUSION: The median effective radiation dose for the RCR skeletal survey for imaging in SPA was 0.09 mSv resulting in a "very low" additional risk of radiation-induced cancer. The authors will now aim to ascertain whether whole-body CT skeletal survey can replace the radiographic series for imaging in SPA while maintaining a comparable radiation dose.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Background A series of 31 radiographs is recommended by the Royal College of Radiologists (RCR) when investigating suspected physical abuse (SPA). Objective To determine the radiation dose delivered for skeletal surveys performed for SPA in Victorian radiology departments based on their local protocols. Materials and methods A 5-year-old paediatric bone fracture phantom was radiographed at five radiology sites using both the RCR recommended protocol and, where applicable, the local departmental SPA protocol. The radiation doses were measured and recorded. These were scaled down to estimate the effective radiation doses for a 2-year-old child at each site and the associated radiation risks estimated. Results The median effective dose for all radiographic projections in the RCR skeletal survey radiographic series was 0.09 mSv. The estimated risk of radiation-induced cancer and radiation-induced death from cancer for 2-year-old children is classified as “very low,” with girls having a higher risk than boys. Conclusion The median effective radiation dose for the RCR skeletal survey for imaging in SPA was 0.09 mSv resulting in a “very low” additional risk of radiation-induced cancer. The authors will now aim to ascertain whether whole-body CT skeletal survey can replace the radiographic series for imaging in SPA while maintaining a comparable radiation dose.
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics
R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics > RJ101 Child Health. Child health services
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Allied Health Professions
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 01 Sep 2022 14:36
Last Modified: 01 Sep 2022 14:36
URI: https://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/11370

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item