Mostafa, MR, Magdi, M, Al-Abdouh, A, Abusnina, W, Elbanna, M, Abdelazeem, B, Renjithal, SLM, Mamas, MA ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9241-8890 and Shah, J (2022) A systematic review and meta-analysis of the impact of the left atrial appendage closure on left atrial function. Clinical Cardiology, 45 (6). 614 - 621.

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Left atrial (LA) appendage closure (LAAC) is effective in patients with atrial fibrillation who are not candidates for long-term anticoagulation. However, the impact of LAAC on LA function is unknown. The aim of this study is to evaluate the impact of LAAC on atrial function. METHODS: This meta-analysis was conducted according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. A search strategy was designed to utilize PubMed/Medline, EMBASE, and Google scholar for studies showing the effect of LAAC on the LA function from inception to November 20, 2021. The standardized mean difference (SMD) was calculated from the means and standard deviations. RESULTS: Of 247 studies initially identified, 8 studies comprising 260 patients were included in the final analysis. There was a significant increase in LA emptying fraction following LAAC compared with preoperative function (SMD: 0.53; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.04-1.01; p = .03; I2  = 75%). In contrast, there were no significant differences in LA volume (SMD: -0.07; 95% CI: -0.82-0.69; p = .86; I2  = 92%) peak atrial longitudinal strain (SMD: 0.50; 95% CI: -0.08-1.08; p = .09; I2  = 89%), peak atrial contraction strain (SMD: 0.38; 95% CI: -0.22-0.99; p = .21; I2  = 81%), strain during atrial contraction (SMD: -0.24; 95% CI: -0.61-0.13; p = .20; I2  = 0%), strain during ventricular systole (SMD: 0.47; 95% CI: -0.32-1.27; p = .24; I2  = 89%), strain during ventricular diastole (SMD: 0.09; 95% CI: -0.32-0.51; p = .66; I2  = 65%). CONCLUSION: LAAC is associated with improvement in the left atrial emptying fraction, but did not significantly influence other parameters.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.© 2022 The Authors. Clinical Cardiology published by Wiley Periodicals, LLC.
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC666 Diseases of the circulatory (Cardiovascular) system
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Medicine
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 09 Sep 2022 07:45
Last Modified: 09 Sep 2022 07:45
URI: https://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/11379

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