Alexander, D, Rigby, MJ, Di Mattia, P and Zscheppang, A (2015) Challenges in finding and measuring behavioural determinants of childhood obesity in Europe. Z Gesundh Wiss, 23 (2). 87 - 94.

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AIM: Childhood obesity is an important concern for child health. However, despite widespread concern about the increase in childhood obesity, its causes are not monitored systematically in Europe. In 2007, the Scientific Platform Project on Lifestyle Determinants of Obesity identified routine data sources nationally available in European countries to measure childhood obesity. This work was revisited in 2014 to monitor any progress made. SUBJECT AND METHODS: In 2007, a literature review and project discussion resulted in a list of desirable indicators that could be collected in Europe to describe child populations at risk of overweight and obesity. Participants from EU member states, the EEA, Croatia, Macedonia and Turkey set out to discover which countries collected these indicators. Eight years later, a literature search sought to establish if the surveillance of children's nutrition and physical activity behaviour had changed. RESULTS: In 2007, no countries collected all variables for all ages, leading to major gaps in knowledge. A literature search carried out in 2014 suggests that this is unchanged. There remains inconsistency of data surveillance in Europe, and disagreement on which age groups to collect data from or how to define obesity and overweight. CONCLUSION: There is a lack of consistent data collection on upstream influences on obesity. The true causes of the childhood obesity epidemic remain undiscovered, and the ability of research to identify effective prevention and treatment methods is compromised.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: obesity; childhood; data; surveillance; Europe
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > School of Social Science and Public Policy
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 08 Mar 2016 14:36
Last Modified: 12 Jul 2017 11:12

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