Pettigrew, RP, Rogers, SL and Clarke, SM (2019) A Microfacies Analysis of Arid Continental Carbonates from the Cedar Mesa Sandstone Formation, Utah, USA. The Depositional Record.

[img]
Preview
Text
A Microfacies Analysis of Arid Continental Carbonates from the Cedar Mesa Sandstone Formation, Utah, USA. Accepted.pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (4MB) | Preview

Abstract

Arid continental environments are typically dominated by siliciclastic aeolian, alluvial and fluvial deposits. Despite their common recognition within these environments, carbonate deposits are often overlooked, yet they can provide vital insight into the depositional history, climate, and tectonic controls of a sedimentary basin. This work presents a detailed microfacies analysis of the carbonates found within the Cedar Mesa Sandstone Formation of the Western USA. The Cedar Mesa Sandstone Formation is an early Permian, predominantly aeolian succession, exposed across much of the Colorado Plateau of southern Utah and northern Arizona. The formation is dominantly clastic erg deposits, that grade into a mixed carbonate/clastic sedimentary succession interbedded with carbonate and evaporitic units, interpreted to represent sabkha or sabkha‐like deposits. Whilst many authors have worked within the aeolian dominated facies and have proposed various facies schemes for the siliciclastic components, comparatively little attention has been paid to the mixed evaporitic/clastic/carbonate aeolian‐sabkha transition zone. In this work the microfacies of the carbonates present within the Cedar Mesa Sandstone are analysed, in order to: (i) develop a record of, and interpret carbonate components, (ii) propose depositional mechanisms and (iii) identify evolutionary trends that stand alongside the formation's clastic depositional story. Six microfacies are presented: MF1) Clastic Influenced Carbonate Wackestone; MF2) Laminated Carbonate Wackestone/Packstone; MF3) Microbial Laminated Fenestral Bindstone; MF4) Rounded Mudclast Wackestone; MF5) Laminated Bioclastic‐Ostracod‐Carbonate Wackestone and MF6) Microcrystalline Quartz. The microfacies have been interpreted to document the development of carbonate interdune, lacustrine and continental sabkha environments influenced by localised fault control juxtaposed across a wetting and drying climate cycle and provide useful comparisons for other mixed evaporite/carbonate and clastic sequences.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the final published version of the article (version of record). It first appeared online via Wiley at https://doi.org/10.1002/dep2.99 - please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.
Uncontrolled Keywords: continental sabkha, microbial carbonates, microfacies, Utah
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GB Physical geography
Divisions: Faculty of Natural Sciences > School of Geography, Geology and the Environment
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 14 Nov 2019 13:26
Last Modified: 18 Dec 2019 11:25
URI: https://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/7205

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item