Southworth, J ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3807-3198, Tremblay, P-E, Gänsicke, BT, Evans, DF ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5383-0919 and Močnik, T (2020) A white dwarf bound to the transiting planetary system WASP-98. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 497 (4). 4416 - 4422.

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Abstract

WASP-98 is a planetary system containing a hot Jupiter transiting a late-G dwarf. A fainter star 12″ distant has previously been identified as a white dwarf, with a distance and proper motion consistent with a physical association with the planetary system. We present spectroscopy of the white dwarf, with the aim of determining its mass, radius and temperature and hence the age of the system. However, the spectra show the featureless continuum and lack of spectral lines characteristic of the DC class of white dwarfs. We therefore fitted theoretical white dwarf spectra to the ugriz apparent magnitudes and Gaia DR2 parallax of this object in order to determine its physical properties and the age of the system. We find that the system is old, with a lower limit of 3.6 Gyr, but theoretical uncertainties preclude a precise determination of its age. Its kinematics are consistent with membership of the thick disc, but do not allow us to rule out the thin-disc alternative. The old age and low metallicity of the system suggest it is subject to an age-metallicity relation, but analysis of the most metal-rich and metal-poor transiting planetary systems yields only insubstantial evidence of this. We conclude that the study of bound white dwarfs can yield independent ages to planetary systems, but such analysis may be better-suited to DA and DB rather than DC white dwarfs.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2020 The Author(s) Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society This article is published and distributed under the terms of the Oxford University Press, Standard Journals Publication Model (https://academic.oup.com/journals/pages/open_access/funder_policies/chorus/standard_publication_model) This article with all relevant information can be found at; https://academic.oup.com/mnras/article/497/4/4416/5891239
Uncontrolled Keywords: stars: fundamental parameters, stars: individual: WASP-98, planetary systems, white dwarfs
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QB Astronomy > QB460 Astrophysics
Q Science > QB Astronomy > QB600 Planets. Planetology
Q Science > QB Astronomy > QB799 Stars
Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Faculty of Natural Sciences > School of Chemical and Physical Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 03 Sep 2020 08:46
Last Modified: 03 Sep 2020 08:46
URI: https://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/8612

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